A few days in Spain (Part II)

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Slaves

Generally, after a few years a slave would be freed, especially if he was a Muslim. The slaves saw how the Muslims treated them and it was far better than the Christians.

There was a rule in Spain, a non-Muslim could not keep a Muslim as a slave.

Abu Dharr (Allah be pleased with him) had a slave, he dressed just like Abu Dharr and ate the same food. Someone asked him why he did this. He narrated a Hadith:

Salam ibn ‘Amr reported from one of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Your slaves are your brothers, so treat him well. Ask for their help in what is too much for you and help them in what is too much for them.” (alAdab alMufrad)

When Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) addressed to Bilal (Allah be pleased with him) with, “You son of a black woman!” and Bilal (Allah be pleased with him) got insulted, he went to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

He told the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) “O Messenger of Allah, this is what Abu Dharr has said to me.”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called Abu Dharr and said, “O Abu Dharr you are a man who still has the traits of ignorance in him! I am equally the son of a black woman, as I am the son of a white woman.” (This is because He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was breastfed by a black woman).

In another narration, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “You are a man who calls to Jahiliyyah, whoever calls to the call of Jahiliyyah, he will be in the fire of Jahannam!” And the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them) asked, “What if he prays and fasts?” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Even if he prays and he fasts.”

Hatim Tai (Allah be pleased with them) had a son Adiy ibn Hatim (may Allah be pleased with them), Adiy was a prince. He once went to Medinah, he was walking in the streets of Medinah when an African girl came and said to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “My master is harsh on me.” The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) answered, “Do not worry, I will speak to him.” He then smiled and said, “Hold my hand and take me anywhere.”

Adiy (Allah be pleased with them) says, “When I saw this I knew the man (the Prophet) was not a prince, as you could not walk with a prince like this. But, I also knew he was not an ordinary man.”

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Inside Cordoba Mosque – The largest in Spain  (now a Cathedral)

Cordoba

Cordoba fell to the Muslims in 711 A.D. The Muslims marched north, finally reaching Cordoba. Magheeth Rumi exploiting a weak defence managed to enter Cordoba and conquer it. Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) conquered many cities, until the Christians flocked to him. Finally, his men became tired of fighting. Then he began to send small armies to different places, each army had only 700 men. Tariq (Allah be pleased with him) penetrated deep into Spain until men were exhausted of fighting. Then he returned to Cordoba and settled there. Musa (Allah have mercy on him) had instructed Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) to only fight with Roderick. He was annoyed with Tariq’s disregard for his command. Musa left with a large of 18,000 in 712 to Spain. It is reported that Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) was imprisoned for disobeying direct commands. He was later released and reinstated. The Muslims showed a tolerance never experienced before. The majority of the population embraced Islam. They took all of Andalus, besides the Northwest area, from where the Christians regrouped. The leader of this group was, Pelayo. Musa made roads into France, he wanted to take the entire Europe and finally reaching Damascus through Constantinople, but he was called back to Damascus before fulfilling his dreams.

Musa ibn Nusayr (Allah be pleased with them) stayed in Spain for three years. He was now 75 years old. The Caliph – Waleed ibn Abdul Malik (Allah have mercy on him) called him back to Baghdad. The actual reason we are unaware of, but possible reasons

  1. He was powerful and had conquered the whole of North Africa, so Waleed thought he is getting to much authority.
  2. Waleed became insecure, about himself and his relationship with Musa.

So, Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him) and Musa ibn Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him) went to Waleed (Allah have mercy on him). By the time they reached the Caliph, he was dying. Whenever Musa (Allah have mercy on him) conquered a land, he would send the treasures and booty to the Caliph. On his journey back from Spain he brought all the treasures back but someone advised him not to give the treasures. Musa said he wanted to bring them back. This led to slight tension between Musa (Allah have mercy on him) and Sulayman ibn Abdul Malik, who was the brother of Waleed (Allah have mercy on him), as Sulayman wanted the wealth from Spain. Musa meets the Caliph and shortly afterwards, the Caliph dies in 94h.

When Sulayman took over the throne he despised Musa (Allah have mercy on him), so he tortured him. A 75 years old man was made to stand in the heat of the blazing sun, he already had asthma. Umar ibn AbdulAziz (Allah have mercy on him) was an Umayyid, he was around at that time. He says, “No day was worse for me than seeing the old man, an old mujahid, indebted on the Ummah, the conqueror of North Africa being tortured like this.”

Umar (Allah have mercy on him) went to the caliph and said, “I do not pledge allegiance to a king who tortures old men like this!”

Sulayman uplifted the torture, but paced heavy fines on Musa (Allah have mercy on him).

Some scholars say, they were both at peace with each other later. Others write, they went Hajj together.

He died either of poverty or illness.

Imam Shafi’ee (Allah have mercy on him) said, “Some people die and their evils remains on. Others die and their goodness remains on.”

We all remember the Khayr Musa ibn Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him) left behind. Just like When Hussayn (Allah be pleased with him) was martyred, Yazid was rejoicing. But, in the eyes of Allah Hussayn (Allah be pleased with him) was accepted. Also, Hamza (Allah be pleased with him) – the uncle of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had his liver chewed and his body mutilated. But, later was known as ‘Asadullah’, The Lion of Allah.

Ibn Mulhim (Allah have mercy on him) says, “It was amazing that Musa (Allah have mercy on him) even went to Waleed (Allah have mercy on him) when he was called. Because he already had Spain and parts of France under his rule.” This shows the sincerity of Musa (Allah have mercy on him). The same happened with Khalid ibn Waleed (Allah be pleased with him), the last four years of his life he did not fight. This was because Umar (Allah be pleased with him) demoted him. The last year of his life, was called the ‘Year of Women’, as he could not fight.

But the story of Musa (Allah have mercy on him) did not end there, they assassinated his son Abdul Aziz (Allah have mercy on him). He was reading Surah Waqiah at the time. All out of spite and hatred. And Abdullah, the other son was also martyred! Inna Lillah…

The head of Abdul Aziz (Allah have mercy on him) was bought to Musa (Allah have mercy on him) whilst he was alive. Sulayman asked Musa (Allah have mercy on him), “Do you know who he is?” Musa said, “This was a pious man who conquered Portugal and the Ummah is indebted to him.”

The reason for killing AbduAziz (Allah have mercy on him) was, he married Roderick’s wife to create ties between the Christians and Muslims. Sulayman thought he would be a sell-out.

Sulayman died in 99h.

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“Dominance is only for Allah!” Written on many of the palaces.

Over the next 40 years Spain had 21 or 22 governors, there was absolute mayhem. Muslims had a lot of loss, they were demoralised and lost motivation. There was 100 tonnes i.e. 100 opinions about everything. It was like what happened in Uhud, 50 archers and Saeed ibn Jubayr (Allah be pleased with them).

For this, we say, that the more the Dunya opens up before the people, and they end up concerning themselves with it, they will lose as much of the Akhira as they have gained from the Dunya. The Prophet (peace ad blessings be upon him) said: “By Allah, I am not afraid of your poverty,” meaning I am not afraid of poverty for you, for the Dunya will open up before you, “but I am afraid that you will lead a life of luxury as past nations did, whereupon you will compete with each other for it, as they competed for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them.” [Bukhari & Muslim].

The Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) spoke the truth. This is what has destroyed the people today. What has destroyed the people today, is their competing with one another for the Dunya, and them being as if they were only created for it, and not it created for them. So they have preoccupied themselves with what was created for them over what they were created for. This is backwardness. We ask Allah for protection.

Amongst the famous rulers were:

Samh ibn Khawlani (Allah have mercy on him), the fourth viceroy. He was the viceroy in the time of Umar ibn AbdulAziz (Allah have mercy on him). He was martyred at the siege of Toulouse in 721 A.D. In 1030/721 a man called Bulai, with some renegade Christian took to the mountains to start a guerrilla against the Muslims. Anbasa, moved quite deep along the Rhone River. In 725 A.D. Anbasa was ambushed and killed.

The most successful and tragic expedition as that of Abdul Rehman Ghafiqi (Allah have mercy upon him). Eudes tried to stop but to no avail and called up Charles, who was later known as Martell (Hammer). The Battle of Poiters (Battle of Tours) is regarded as one of the most defining battles in the history of the West. The Muslim army was considerably smaller, Muslims were all infantry and Christians all cavalry. The battle began and raged doe an entire week from 25th to 31st October 732 A.D.

The most disturbing aspect of the history of Spain is the amount of internal strife amongst the Muslims. Arabs against Arabs, Berbers against Arabs, new Muslims against the ruling elite. There are three types of Arabs:

Al-Ba’idah – They existed but no longer do e.g. the people of ‘Aad and Thamud.

Al-Aaribah – The original Arabs i.e. The Yemenis aka Kelbites.

Al-Musta’ribah – Those who became Arabs later. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was from this category, as Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him) travelled to Makkah, Hajar (Allah be pleased with her) did not even speak Arabic. They were also known as Qaisites.

Two later rulers who ignited the wars of racism in Spain were Hudhayfah (728-730) and Haitham (729-730).

Then the Berbers revolted, this led from the inequities between the Arabs and the Berbers. The Berbers were looked down on before Islam, could now equal the Arabs on all fronts. The next to cause great mischief was a man called Shomal (the grandson of Shimr, the man who beheaded Hussain RA at Karbala).

The two armies met at the bank of the Guadelate in 745 A.D. Ibn Khattar’s army was routed.

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Abdul Rahman (The Hawk of Quraysh/Falcon of Andalus)

The largest opposition to the Umayyads was the Abbasids; their leader at the time was Abbas, the grandson of Abbas (Allah be pleased with him). Abdul Rahman (Allah have mercy on him) had to flee to save his life. He finally reached the Berber tribe of his mother, Nazfa, situated in Naqur, four years after fleeing. The time was right for Abdul Rahman to make his appearance. Andalus was in a state of chaos due to the internal feuding. He wrote a letter to the Syrians and Ummayads living in Andalus. This iletter was taken by Badr in June 754. Abdul Rahman (Allah have mercy on him) had to wait an entire year in suspense for the response. On August 14th 755 A.D. he arrived in Spain and had mass defection in his favour. He took Seville peacefully. With his victory at Cordoba on 15th May 756, he sealed his name in history. He defeated Yusuf and Shomal. He was crowned the ‘Ameer of the Muslims.’ Mansur often praised his foe and it was him who give him the title, “The Falcon of the Quraysh.”

Abdul Rahman (Allah have mercy on him) did not like to wage war unless there was no other option, hence he would always start with the option of peace. Others were children who were bought from Europe, but they were brought up in Islam and were fundamental to the army and state. He was always ready to help his subjects.

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Inside Cordoba Mosque
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The gateway to Cordoba [al-Qil’ul Hurriya]

Ismail Ibn Nazir Satia (One who is in dire need of Allah’s forgiveness, mercy and pleasure).

15 Sha’ban 1437

 

 

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A few days in Spain (Part I)

Alhumdu Lillah! After having returned from the tour of Andalus with as-Suffa institute, it was a phenomenal experience and it left me in deep thought, worry and concern with regards to the lessons we can learn from Muslim Spain. I have decided to share my notes from the journey and the Dars of Shaykh Zahir (Hafidhahullah) with you all. Please forgive me if certain areas are brief and if there is a lack of references, as you can understand sometimes Hadith are mentioned but not under a reference. I will try to attach pictures where possible as well. If there is anything you would like further clarification about, please comment at the bottom. I would like to thank asSuffa from the depth of my heart for organising this trip, Allah reward them for their efforts and bless Shaykh with further knowledge and Barakah. Ameen.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ السَّفَرُ قِطْعَةٌ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ يَمْنَعُ أَحَدَكُمْ نَوْمَهُ وَطَعَامَهُ وَشَرَابَهُ فَإِذَا قَضَى أَحَدُكُمْ نَهْمَتَهُ مِنْ

وَجْهِهِ فَلْيُعَجِّلْ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

From Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Travelling is a portion of the torment. It denies you your sleep, food, and drink. When you have accomplished your purpose, you should hurry back to your family.” (Muwatta Malik).

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Normally, we are in our daily routine, we do the same thing every day. We do not realise things about ourselves, our habits and temperaments etc. When we travel on a journey, especially with others these habits come out. Like we can see from the above Hadith, travelling deprives us from our food, sleep and drink etc. We all know what happens when we take a man’s sleep or food away. The quote of Umar (Allah be pleased with him) is famous, about how you only truly know a person once you have travelled with him.

Umar (Allah be pleased with him) asked about a man who had given testimony, wanting to find out whether anyone could vouch for him. A man said to him: “I will vouch for him, O’ Ameer al-Mumineen, ‘Umar asked, “Are you his neighbour?” He said, “No.” He then” asked, “Did you mix with him for a day and come to know his character?” He said, “No.” He asked next: “Did you travel with him, for traveling and being away from home reveal a man’s true essence?” He said, “No.” ‘Umar said, “Perhaps you saw him in the-mosque, standing, sitting and praying?” He said, “Yes.” ‘Umar said, Go away, for you do not know him.”

A very profound saying, when travelling with others especially in a group, our true colours are revealed through our conduct as:

1. Much patience is required because people desire & think differently.

2. Whilst we should neither keep others waiting nor impose our views on the rest, we should be prepared to be delayed by others as that is part of group travel.

3. We should be ready to serve the rest.

4. We should abstain from petty complaints.

5. We must be considerate of others esp. the weak, elderly & children.

09-DSC_5328-4e74c67be2Why do we study history?

A great portion of the Qur’an speaks about history, approximately 1/3. When one reads history it is as though he is reading the future because history often repeats itself, so if we can’t learn from our own mistakes we can learn from the mistakes of others. As we all know a man’s nature doesn’t fundamentally change.

“Narrate to them stories (of the past), so that they may reflect.” (al-A’raaf)

“We narrate to you [O Muhammad] the best of stories in what we have revealed to you of this Qur’an, although, you were, before it, from the unaware.” (Surah Yusuf)

Nations ascend and descend, some disappear. Nations ascend because they have something called impetus.

Ibn Khuldoon (Allah have mercy on him), he has a theory, the ‘cycle theory’ which scientists still use today. Anyone who has a surname ending in ‘doon’ or ‘coon’ means their ancestors were form Andalus.

Once upon a time the population was over 75% Muslims in Spain.

Umar (Allah be pleased with him) was sat one day, very worried. So, someone asked him as to why he look worried. As Islam was spreading far and wide into India and Central Asia and Africa. Umar (Allah be pleased with him) replied, “This is why I am worried!”

What Umar (Allah be pleased with him) was referring to was that most nations reach their pinnacle and prosperity, then they decline.

“And you will not find in our way (Sunnah) any alteration.” (17:77)

Allah has some principles that never change, in the same way man has some habits which never change. For example, water boils at 100 degrees, it has always boiled at 100 degrees.

We must remember Islam is continuous and will remain at all times. It is the truth and the truth must reach the people.

The word al-fath in Arabic means to conquer or open. Islam spread by sending armies to countries. They were not forced. Countries as far as Yugoslavia, Greece and Caucasus. There were two countries where armies were not sent and they accepted Islam, Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Why study history of Spain?

Spain is very close to us British Muslims in Europe.

Only 1% of Muslims came to Spain, they went from a minority to a majority, then back to a minority. You had both types of leaders, good and evil. You had pious and knowledgeable leaders as well as very bad, very treacherous and very deceitful leaders.

You wonder why Muslims would become sell-outs and give in to the Christians. The answer is simple, if in 100 years’ time today’s history was written, people would say how did Burma happen, how did the issue of Palestine not get solved, how did Muslims get oppressed in Syria?

Just like we think today why did Muslims allow the Spanish to get 400 years of persecution. Morocco is 12 miles away from Spain, why didn’t they help?

Similarly, many places were pre-dominantly Muslims, but they no longer remain the majority. Like Malawi and Philippines.

Why have so many scholars/poets written about Spain?

  1. Far out-post of Islam
  2. Because of what it created. There was no place in the world equal to it.

Many people when hearing about the situation of the Ummah – current or past, tend to say, “Let them do what they want, this is Allah’s Deen.” My answer to this is do not live off slogans, live off actions/a’maal. Also, remember, Allah will protect his Deen, but will Allah protect you? Especially if you don’t act accordingly.

Background

The word Andalus is the Arabic name for the Iberian Peninsula what is known today as Spain and Portugal, the Greeks called it Iberia and the Romans called it Hespania. The land of Spain was ruled by the following, before the Muslims:

Greeks

Celts

Romans

Vandals

Visigoth

The Romans brought the Latin language and Spanish evolved from there. The word Andalus came from the word Vandals, these were people who were rough and evil.

The Muslims were generally known as Saracens or Moors.

Visigoths were Pagan but later embraced the Catholic religion. Within 200 years of ruling they began to oppress others and treat them like animals. Although the Goth conjures up a Barbarian perception, they inherited an advanced society with theatres, dams, bridges and circuses. An advanced political system all of which the Goths benefited from.

What was going on in Europe when the Muslims came?

The Europeans were generally unclean and unhygienic. They only bathed once a year, or at the most twice a year. This is because they thought it weakened their immune system. James Burke describes they mixed their impurity (stool and urine) in the middle of the road and walked in it. They had no issues with that nor was it frowned upon.

Amr ibn al Aas (Allah be pleased with him)

At the shortest point, there are only 12 miles between North Africa and Spain. Amr ibn al Aas (Allah be pleased with him) was the first person to conquer Africa, he was very intelligent. When he left Makkah, Khalid ibn Waleed (Allah be pleased with him) said, “Today Makkah has thrown away her liver.” When Umar (Allah be pleased with him) sent him to North Africa, he later sent a letter with a messenger:

“If this letter reaches you before the Rafah border, then do not cross it. If you have crossed it, then no matter.”

When Amr (Allah be pleased with him) received the letter, as he was intelligent he knew what it would have said – not to cross! So he crossed the border, then read it!

Uqba ibn Nafi (Allah be pleased with him)

After Amr ibn al Aass (Allah be pleased with him) the next conqueror to embark on the conquest of North Africa was Uqba ibn Nafi (Allah be pleased with him). He was the nephew of Amr ibn Aas (Allah be pleased with him). He was appointed the governor of North Africa in 50/67. He took great portions of Egypt with 4,000 men. He was ambushed on his return and martyred. He passed away in 638 A.D. Islam reached North Africa 23H.

Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him)

Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him) was studying to be a monk when Khalid ibn Waleed (Allah be pleased with him) conquered Ayn Tamr. He was born a Christian who embraced Islam. Employed by Muawiyah (Allah be pleased with him), he was in charge of the police. When the battle took place between Ali (Allah be pleased with him) and Muawiyah (Allah be pleased with him), Nusayr said his famous words to Muawiyah (Allah be pleased with him) when he rebuked him:

“I will not show my gratefulness to you by showing my ungratefulness to He who is greater than you.” Muawiyah (Allah be pleased with him) asked, “Who is that?” He replied, “Allah!” Muawiyah (Allah be pleased with him) put his head down and said, “Astaghfirullah.”

He once said about Uqba (Allah be pleased with him), “Did nobody tell Uqba (Allah be pleased with him) to consolidate what you have then advance?” This was because was Uqba (Allah be pleased with him) was conquering lands but not consolidating the areas i.e. educating them, building ties and winning the hearts of the local people. His son was Musa ibn Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him), who conquered the entire North Africa and Andalus. He was the most important man in the history of Spain.

Musa ibn Nusar (Allah have mercy on him)

He was born in 19H during the Caliphate of Umar (Allah be pleased with him). He was a Tabi’ee and narrated from the Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them). He began to assess the reason why the Berbers could not be kept in check. By 91H he had the entire North Africa subdued. He began to assess the reason wy the Berbers could not be kept in check. He realised that the victories were achieved very quickly without the consolidation of the conquered land. Uqba (Allah be pleased with him) would take a country swiftly, but only to rebel later. So he decided to consolidate any land that was conquered and win the hearts of the people. Once he was happy with the situation, only then he would move on. Secondly, no system of education was provided for the conquered people, so he brought scholars to educate them, until the Berbers began to love Islam and became great defenders of the religion. He built Madrasahs everywhere he went.

On a side note here, Shaykh Zahir mentioned, “short bursts don’t last long.” If we look at the French, they spent 130 years in Algeria. But, they didn’t convert a single person, why? Simply because they didn’t consolidate and win the hearts and minds of the people.

Remember, Da’wah has to be multi-faceted, Da’wah must be consolidated. There are many people out there giving Islam a bad name, we need to give Islam a good name in the right manner.

The first person to mention the conquering of Andalus was Uthman (Allah be pleased with him), when he talked about the conquering of Constantinople. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Muslims will conquer Constantinople.” Everyone wanted to be a part of this army. 27H was the first time Muslims came to Andalus, they just stopped at the port.

When Muadh ibn Jabal (Allah be pleased with him) went to Roe, the Byzantines said, “Why are you going to attack us? Go to Ethiopia it is easier for you.” Muadh (Allah be pleased with him) related the verse:

“O you who believe! Fight those who re close to you of the disbelievers. Let them find in you harshness. And know that Allah is with those who fear him.” (9:123)

Umar (Allah be pleased with him) was very impressed by the history of Persia.

In an Islamic society in which the basic beliefs and principles are both deeply-rooted and dominant, behavioural motives are greatly influenced by the aspiration to please Allah and gain His reward in the hereafter. The best Muslim believers do not include any other motive for their actions. It is essential for the Muslim to ensure that his intention in all his deeds is aimed solely at pleasing Allah, be they acts of self-purification, or any social, economic, or political activities. The activities of a Muslim in all spheres of life must be directed towards pleasing God. The Muslim knows well that if he were to include anything else in his intention besides God, then his deed would be unacceptable, as stated in the hadith: “Allah does not accept any deed except that which is purely intended for Him and is done for His sake.” If this way of thinking is guiding many conscientious Muslims even today, then what was its influence on the generations of the companions of the Prophet and those who followed after them (tabi`un), who were the best of all generations?

The knowledge of the effect which Islam exerted on the education of its followers in the first period of Islam – and on the purification of their souls, and polishing their minds, the sincerity of their religious belief, together with their directing their worship to God alone – makes it abundantly clear that their participation in the military campaigns known as al futuh (the conquests or ‘opening up’ of other lands) was not primarily motivated by any worldly ambition. Rather, it was the compelling desire to propagate Islam, to enable it to take firm root in these lands and to organize and administer the newly-conquered territories. It was the wish to solve the economic problems of these lands, and any new problems which might arise, in accordance with the true teachings of Islam. The Muslims were not motivated by any desire to dominate those peoples or to acquire their wealth, nor were they attempting to escape from the hardship of life in the desert, as has been maintained by Caetani and other Orientalists.

Al Tabari (Allah have mercy on him) narrated that Rabi` ibn `Amir (Allah be pleased with him) entered the court of Rustum, the Persian leader, who asked him: “What brought you here?” Rabi` (Allah be pleased with him) said: “God sent us, and He brought us here in order to lead whom He wills from the worship of man to the worship of God alone; from the narrowness and oppression of this world to the space and abundance of the hereafter; and from the injustice of other religions to the justice of Islam. He has sent us with His religion of His creation, to call them to Him.”

What Rabi` ibn `Amir (Allah be pleased with him), the representative of the Muslims, said to the Persians was not only the expression of his personal feelings. Rather, it voiced the thought which was predominant among the Muslim leadership and most of the Mujahidin. This does not exclude the possibility that some of the Bedouin who had participated in the military expeditions had been attracted by the prospects of material gains and booty, in addition to the desire for jihad; but these Bedouin did not represent either the leadership of the movement or its motivating spirit. We must state this because the Muslim society is a human society. In it are found the elite who are committed to the highest moral and spiritual ideals, with their intentions directed purely towards God, who are desirous of earning His good pleasure and who direct their efforts towards achieving this end. But there are also lesser classes of Muslims who take it upon themselves to maintain the minimum standards which will entitle them to call themselves Muslims.

We must explain clearly that the interpretation of the course of Islamic history during the first period of Islam can only be undertaken by a Muslim who repeats daily what God said to his Prophet: “Say: ‘Truly my prayer and service of my sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for God, the cherisher of the worlds: No partner hath He; this am I commanded …’”. (Al-An`am 6:162-163). This is the Muslim whose mind and emotions have been affected by the Qur’an and the Sunnah, who has felt their impact in moulding his personality and determining his actions and conduct. This is why Westerners and Orientalists have failed to understand the true motives for the actions of Muslims during the first period of Islam. For example, when Henri Lammens, a well-known Orientalist, discussed the incident of the Saqifah of Banu Sa`idah (an early example of the application of the Shura, in which the majority was persuaded by the minority) his judgment of this incident was impaired by his recollections of the conspiracies at the French court of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, which distorted his eventual depiction of the incident. He concluded that the outcome of the meeting of Saqifah came about as the result of a conspiracy woven by Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased with him), `Umar (Allah be pleased with him) and `Uthman (Allah be pleased with him), who, in the Saqifah of the Banu Sa`idah, had agreed to seize the caliphate and succeed one another.

The studies of the Orientalists are numerous, and differ in their levels, quality, and freedom from religious and racial prejudice. However, these studies are usually carried out by scholars who live in environments which are remote from Islam, and which have their own philosophies and cultures. It is difficult for them to appreciate Islam and consequently, it is difficult for them to understand the true reasons for a Muslim’s conduct, both individually and socially. When they seek to interpret the history of Islam, they draw analogies with European history, despite the very different natures of the two histories. We must not forget, moreover, that the Europeans cannot but help looking at the world from their own perspective, which is militarily and technologically superior. Thus they tend to ascribe every possible merit to themselves, while ascribing defects to others. When Toynbee wrote his history of world civilizations, he allotted only a small space to the history of Islam, a space which was not commensurate with the size of Islam’s real contribution to world history.

The most glaring deficiency of the Orientalists’ studies is their failure to arrive at a correct understanding of Islam, its true spirit, and its effect on an Islamic society and on the course of that society’s history. This is a grave deficiency which prevents our acceptance and approval of these studies, especially those which are concerned with the Sirah and the era of the Rightly-guided Caliphs, when the practical implementation of Islamic theory coincided with the theory itself and faithfully reflected it.

Hitler once said, “Victorious are those who write history.”

“History would be kind to me, because I am going to write it.” – Winston Churchill

So, history belongs to those who write it. And history doesn’t do justice to Umayyads, it was written by Abbasids.

The Umayyads spread Islam in three different directions:

Muhammad ibn Qasim al-Thaqafi (Allah have mercy on him) = Sindh

Utaybah ibn Muslim al-Bahili (Allah have mercy on him) = China

Muslamah ibn Abdul Malik = Caucasus

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Julian

The ruler of Spain at the time, before the Muslims conquered was a man called Roderick. He had sexually abused many young boys and girls at the time. One of which was the daughter of Julian, her name was Flora. This angered Julian, when he came to know if it and sought after help from the Muslims. This was because Musa ibn Nusayr (Allah have mercy on him) was already planning an attack on Andalus. But he said to Julian, “I cannot trust you, as you are a Christian and so is Roderick. And we are not familiar with the landscape of Andalus.” He tells Julian to initiate the attack to prove he is strong on his word. Julian attacks eastern coasts of Andalus, then reports back. Musa (Allah have mercy on him) then reports back to the Caliph in Baghdad – Waleed ibn Abdul Malik, who then sends a small army.

Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him)

He was a Berber, he was blue-eyed and had blonde hair. It is said, that Berbers descended from Europeans.

Furthermore, a wife of a sorcerer when seeing Tariq said, “Your appearance resembles that of the conquerer of Andalus about whom my husband predicted.” She recognised him by a mole, Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) had a mole on his face. Tariq ibn ZIyad (Allah have mercy in him), landed in Gibraltar in 711/92 with 7,000 men and 300 Arab nobles. A stretch which is about 11 miles. He requested further reinforcements and the army swelled up to 12,000. The armies met at La Junda.

Tariq had a dream which inspired him and the soldiers. He saw the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) and his companions with their swords out, giving him glad tidings of a victory.

Roderick was the last Gothic King, he usurped the throne after the death of king Wizita. He was 80 years old at the time of the battle. Roderick confronted Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) with an army of 100,000. The two armies met at Guadelate. Musa prepared the Muslims, especially Berbers for Jihad. He placed at the head of the army, the most suitable person, Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him).

So Musa (Allah have mercy on him) now sends Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him) with an army. Tariq was considerably young. This is something which shouldn’t be frowned upon, as the last army which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) sent had Usamah (Allah be pleased with him) as the commander under him were great Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them) like Umar (Allah be pleased with him) and others. The reason why Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) was chosen was due to his admirable piety and his inexhaustible desire for Jihad. Also, we must remember that Musa (Allah have mercy on him) was an Arab and Tariq was a Berber, the majority of the army was Berber. Tairq understood the culture, language and habits of the Berbers. An important point to note here is when giving Da’wah, especially abroad, we must also understand that culture, language and habits of the people. Another noteworthy reminder is that Musa (Allah have mercy on him) chose the best man for the job, he didn’t look in finding an Arab. He looked for who suited the role. “O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has al-taqwa [i.e., is one of the muttaqoon or pious]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware” [al-Hujuraat 49:13]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said in his last sermon: “O people! Verily your Lord is One and your father [Adam] is one. An Arab is no better than a non-Arab, and a non-Arab is no better than an Arab; a red man is no better than a black man and a black man is no better than a red man – except if it is in terms of taqwa (piety)…” (Reported by Imam Ahmad, 22391).

Unfortunately, we do not see this in our society today. Not even in Islamic institutes. When a father dies he makes his son the Ameer or principal, although he may not be fit for the role. We will see more examples of this causes failure in the history of Spain.

To the south of Spain there are three islands known as Balearic Islands; Ibiza, Majorca and Minorca.

Musa (Allah have mercy on him) first consolidated his power in these islands then moved on to Spain. Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) first landed on “Jabalut-Tariq,” which is known as Gibraltar today. He has a few battles then consolidates al-Jazeeratul Khadhra (Green Islands), also known as al-Jasairas. Meanwhile, Roderick was already having a battle in another country. His men sent him a message,

“We have been attacked! There are 7,000 men. Men, the like of which we have never seen before. We do not know if they are from Heaven or from Earth!”

Roderick pondered and thought, 7,000 is a small number and we will easily defeat this army.

I would like to narrate a story at this point, but unsure if it is true and authentic: A king had a dream many years ago before this war, that someone will come and takeover Spain. He went to a magician, and the magician confirmed this is true. But he said he will help the king by casting a spell in a room. So long as you do not open the door of this room, Spain is safe. This message was passed on each time a king passed away. Every new ruler would put an extra lock on. But when Roderick heard about this he was anxious to find out, what was in the room. He was advised by his ministers not to open the locks, but he refused to listen. They even said, “We will give you double the amount of gold of what is in there.” He ignored them and opened 27 locks! Inside was a table from the period of Sulayman (peace and blessings be upon him) and many other things were found. (Ahmed Thompson)

The battle started on 28th Ramadhan 22H/19th July 711and carried on for 8 days. The Muslims were fighting on Eid as well! The Christian army was five times the size of the Muslim army, Musa sent another 5,000 men which totalled 12,000 for the Muslims. When Roderick saw them, he lost his appetite. He sent emissaries to speak to them, Musa (Allah have mercy on him) beheaded the messenger and then they cooked him and sent him to the Christians. This was to give an impression to Roderick of how courageous they were. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “War is a deception.” Which means sometime what we think of the other party in terms of numbers and weaponry isn’t always as it seems. It is for this same reason we do ‘Ramal’ (jogging with the chest out) in Tawaf (circumambulation of the Ka’bah).

Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) led from the front, he was dressed simple and looked humble. Whilst Roderick was arrogantly sat on his throne, dressed in his crown and robes. You could say the Christians were ‘playing at home’, they were on their own land. But, slowly, the Muslims got the upper hand. Roderick knew the only way the Muslims could defeat them was to kill him, so he stayed behind his army. Finally, Tariq (Allah have mercy on him) attacked Roderick and killed him. They found one sandal of Roderick’s, which was worth 100,000 Dinar. He was the last Visigoth King of Spain. Tariq’s army was thoroughly enjoying the booty. He once said, “If you carried on with me, I would go all the way to Constantinople.”

We stopped here and Shaykh mentioned a point which every Muslim should remember and instil:

We should never be proud just on the basis of being Muslim. Just being Muslim will not get us anywhere! We need a vision and we need to become “people of substance.” I call these Shaykh’s favourite lines (hope he doesn’t mind), rightly so as well. Many of us rely on the fact we pray the Kalimah/Shahadah or we pray Salah and adorn a beard and sisters wear Hijab – which is all good and well, but not sufficient. The price of Jannah is not cheap! We are over a billion today, but let not our numbers deceive us. We need substance:

Look on the day of Badr, only 313. But they had substance! Allah says: “And Allah had given you victory at [the battle of] of Badr, while you were weak.” (3:123) The Arabic word ‘Athillah’ here means – i) few in number ii) disgraced and humiliated. So, here they were few but overcame 1,000 because they were humble and obeyed.

Let us look at the next battle after Badr – Uhud. Muslims had the upper hand initially. But 50 archers on a hilltop were ordered by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) not to move from their places, if they are winning or losing or even vultures are pecking at their bodies. When the Muslims had the upper hand, these archers started rejoicing forgot the command of the Ameer SAW and descended. Which resulted in Muslims losing the upper hand. Again, we learn the lesson of following the Ameer – no matter what.

Numbers also deceive the Muslims, Allah talks about the battle of Hunayn. Muslims were many in number so thought they will ultimately win the battle. The battle turned upside down, they even left the side of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), only ten Muslims were left with the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him). Unfortunately, 3,000 Muslims were martyred. Inna Lillah… “Allah has already given you many victories and [even] on the day of Hunayn, when your great number pleased you.” (9:25)

Now, we would like to make some clarifications about the story so far, particularly about Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him):

Did Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him) burn the ships on the shore of Gibraltar?

This is a fabrication from amongst the fabrications told in history and there are many reasons for this –

  1. The ships did not all belong to Tariq, Julian owned most of them.
  2. Fuqaha RH did not speak about this incident and Ulama RH have not wrote about it.
  3. Waleed ibn Abdul Malik who was the Caliph at the time did not mention it.

The second fabrication was the famous Khutbah which Tariq ibn Ziyad (Allah have mercy on him) and has been attributed to him. Many scholars say that this was not given by Tariq. Simply because he was a Berber, and the Arabic was too eloquent.

In Islam before attacking a land the enemies were offered three choices:

  • Accept Islam
  • Pay the tax/Jizyah – 1 dinar
  • Fight against us

If a non-Muslim defended the Muslims or their army, Umar (Allah be pleased with him) uplifted the Jizyah from them. There was a certain time in the era of Abu Ubaydah (Allah be pleased with him) when the Muslims could not protect the non-Muslims. Their enemy was too strong, Abu Ubaydah (Allah be pleased with him) gave the Jizyah back to the non-Muslims. In the time of Umar (Allah be pleased with him), he saw a Jew begging. Umar (Allah be pleased with him) asked, “Why is he begging when he pays Jizyah?” He went to their leader and said pay him from Baytul Maal.

The rule was, you can only take Jizyah from those who can afford it.

Jews

When the Muslims came to Spain the Jews flung their doors open. The Jews had been persecuted by the Christians and were pleased to assist the Muslims. The Muslims even left the Jews in charge of many cities as they advanced; cities such as Cordoba, Granada and Malaga. Whilst the Christians were in the churches praying, the Jew flung open the doors of the Forts for the Muslims.

The largest Jewish population was in Muslim Spain.

Heretical Christian Sects

There were many Heretical Christian Sects. If you belonged to a group besides Catholicism life was hard for you. The Muslims then arrived and gave refuge to the heretic Christian refugees. It reminded people of Najashi giving refuge to the Muslims, this was like the Muslims paying Najashi back. Many people had previously sold themselves as slaves to the church or to Christians. As it was much easier, because their food and home was guaranteed. Now, so many Christians were flocking to Islam.

There was only one Sahabi, Munayzir al-Afriqi (Allah be pleased with him) who came to Spain. From 12,000 Muslims one Sahabi, the rest were Tabi’een (mostly).

Some European historians said: “Tariq beat Roderick up and imprisoned him.” The Muslims don’t have any record of this.

The son of Musa ibn Nusayr, Abdul Aziz (Allah have mercy on him) took Portugal. Musa (Allah have mercy on him) had now taken 18 cities.

Muslims showed tolerance like never before.

Muslims encouraged inter-marriages, Arabs marrying Berbers etc. This is why they felt the unity.

By 811 A.D Spain was 8% Muslim.

By 850 A.D. Spain was 12% Muslim.

By 900 A.D. Spain was 25% Muslim.

By 950 A.D Spain was 50% Muslim.

By 1000 A.D. Spain was 75% Muslim.923329_10151602549395813_1260670182_n

Ismail ibn Nazir Satia (One who is in dire need of Allah’s forgiveness, mercy and pleasure)

7 Sha’ban 1437

The Fall of Andalus

Looking into the Court Yard, Alhambra

andalus

Listen brothers, listen sisters, listen carefully to a story of sorrow and pain,

This is the story of the fall of Andalus, known as Muslim Spain.

Long, long ago a man called Tariq RH, with the order of Musa Bin Nusayr RH,

Conquered the beautiful land and all of its terrain.

Allah SWT gave them glory because of their pure hearts and what they did contain,

They travelled from North Africa up to the Mediterranean.

Fiercely they fought, unafraid, strong soldiers, waging warriors, like lions – the whole country did they gain,

The glad tidings had already been received from the Messenger of Allah SAW and his companions RA.

The young boy, Tariq RH was made to be the captain,

A fleet of ships arrived with men who didn’t look back as they planned to remain.

Powerful and courageous, bold and brave,

The enemies were confused – are these people from Earth or descended from Heaven?

Tariq RH was spiritual, a holy boy, who sincerely worshipped Allah and from all evil did he abstain,

Recognised by a mole on his face, he stood like a commander, devout and honest, free from name and fame.

In the books of history, he is recorded and illuminated will be his name,

He understood the purpose of life and that life is not a game.

At this time Islam was flourishing like the speed of a train,

City after city, town after town, one after the other like a long chain.

Let us not forget, this was the country that contained a Masjid – largest in the world, ‘Masjid Qurtuba’, larger than Haramayn (at that time),

They had palaces and castles, trees and gardens, overlooked by mountains.

Fruit was plentiful, vegetation was abundant, fields green and plain,

Allah’s SWT mercy descended generously by blessing them with rain.

But the tides became heavy and waves were uncertain,

When people forgot Allah SWT, Lord of the heavens, Rabbul Mashriqayn Wa Rabbul Maghribayn.

The rulers became unjust and acted like villains,

Many spent the night drinking wine and champagne.

Women were used to dance, used for lust and only to entertain,

The Masajid were empty and the pulpits (mimbar) began to cry and complain.

Evil was widespread, corruption was rife, the difference between right and wrong they could not ascertain,

All of a sudden, Allah’s SWT help disappeared as though it was uplifted by a crane.

The rulers were busy marrying maidens; hair of blonde; eyes of blue; that looked like Hoor Ayn,

For centuries the land was ruled by the pious, but now they also did not remain.

Their scholars were knowledgeable and they had rulers which were of piety, with Iman as high as a plane,

But they didn’t educate their sons & their daughters to relay the Deen, nor were they trained.


minaret

The minarets cry now for someone to call Allah’s SWT glorious name,

The rows for Salah are seen bare and very plain.

No sign of an Imam or even a chaplain,

Muslims were too busy fighting each other, their own brother had they slain.

They thought blood was cheap like a bargain,

Eventually the Muslims were expelled, or given a choice to be Christian.

Many were tortured, their actions were barbaric and inhumane,

Dear friends, think carefully upon the lessons from Muslim Spain.

Ponder with your intellect and think deeply with your brain,

Let the message sink in, let it ingrain.

For what lasted 800 years, we could not maintain, 

Will the Ummah rise to the challenge ever again?

al andalusandalus 1

Ismail Ibn Nazir Satia (One who is in dire need of Allah’s forgiveness, mercy and pleasure).

[Written 1st Shaban 1436, after returning from the asSuffa Andalus tour]

 

End of Days (2)

In the Name of Allah the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the all-knowing, the all-seeing and we beseech Allah to send His noblest blessings on the Seal of the Prophets, Our Master and Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam).

Shaykh Sulaiman Moola (Lecturer/Ustadh of Hadeeth in Johannesburg, South Africa)

It is no secret the planet has been gripped, rocked and played by turmoil, turbulence, mayhem and anarchy. Doom and gloom has covered our horizons. The vessel of humanity is nagging against one iceberg or another. Political, social, economical, religious and otherwise. Every sane person with no exception, regardless of his paper denomination is appalled by the timings and brutality that is going on in the world. As Muslims we are equally appalled. Our Prophet (peace be upon him) foretold us of this 14 centuries ago. He (peace be upon him) told us, “The glory of this Ummah will be in the early days” (Bukhari)

Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him) mentions the environment was so pure and pristine that I could enter into a transaction with someone, and if he were a believer his faith would not let him tell a lie and if he were a disbeliever society would not allow him to tell a lie.

Abu Sufyan (Allah be pleased with him) was summoned by Hiraql – Abu Sufyan (Allah be pleased with him) had not accepted Islam yet. And he was about to be interviewed about the Prophet (peace be upon him), he categorically, emphatically, systematically and explicitly said, “I had an agenda, I wanted to be biased and prejudiced and I wanted to tarnish the reputation of the best of Allah’s creation. I was not in harmony, we couldn’t see eye to eye. But, now I was at a crossroad, either I speak ill of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the emperor would not be impressed but I could not live with the stigma of a liar for the rest of my life. So, I kept the interview as candid as possible.”

There will be fitnah in the latter of the Ummah. To the extent a man will sell his religion for little worldly gain. Imam Hakim (Allah have mercy on him) reports, the Prophet (peace be upon him) recited Surah Nasr: ‘When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest, And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes, Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.’ Thereafter He (peace be upon him) mentioned, “When people start flocking towards Islam and groups upon groups become Muslim, likewise many will leave Islam in large groups.”  Another Hadith metaphorically states that the fitnah will be blind, deaf and dumb. What this means is that they will leave the ‘people’  blind, deaf and dumb! In Fathul Bari, volume 15, page 52, Ibn Uyaynah (Allah have mercy on him) on the strength of Khalaf ibn Hawshab (Allah have mercy on him) narrates a poem (translation), “Fitnah are like battles, initially battles are young and attractive, but when you go deep into it you get swallowed and realise it is not as pretty, black and white mixed, you dislike her complexion, you will not want to spend a moment with her in seclusion.” To quote another Hadith, “Every subsequent era would be more wicked than the previous era.” If we look at the era of Hajjaj RH it was full of dhulm (oppression), then it was followed by an era of peace and justice ruled by Umar Ibn AbdulAziz (Allah have mercy on him). Shah Wailullah Dehlawi (Allah have mercy on him), reports, there will be many types of fitnah, the first type of fitnah will be in a man’s personal capacity, so much so that his heart will become hard. We see the carnage that is happening in the world, hearts have become hard. Secondly, in a man’s family structure. There will be mayhem in his social structure.  Imam Bayhaqi (Allah have mercy on him) on the strength of Abullah Ibn Mas’ood (Allah be pleased with him) and Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,  “A time will come, when a man will lose his strength and Imaan because of his wife and children.” The companions (Allah be pleased with them all)  were astounded, “But they are beloved to us!” The Prophet (peace be upon him), “How many a man, his family put such financial burden upon him that they make him stand beyond his economic muscle?” … Either you stay in this house, make or break, do or die?!

Imam Bukhari (Allah have mercy on him) and Muslim (Allah have mercy on him) have recorded from Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him), “We were once sat with Umar (Allah be pleased with him) and a group of Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them). Umar (Allah be pleased with him) asked, which one of you remembers the Hadith of the Prophet in which he mentioned the fitnah. Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him) said, “I do.” Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said, “Go ahead, you seem like the brave one!!” Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him), said a man would be gripped by fitnah through his family, his children, his neighbour,  his wealth, the only expiation and atonement he will find are; praying Salah, observing fast, inviting towards good and forbidding evil .” Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said, “No! You did not understand me! I am referring to those fitnah that will rock the planet!!! Those that will grip and seize the entire earth!! So Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him) replied, “But Umar what have you got to do with that – between you and those fitnah there is a door.” He asked, “Is that door open or closed?” “Unfortunately, it is broken.” To which Umar  (Allah have mercy on him) said, “I doubt it will ever be repaired.” Shaqeeq  (Allah have mercy on him) says, “We asked Hudhayfah does Umar know who the door is?” Hudhayfah (Allah be pleased with him) said, “Just as Umar knows day is preceded by night- with that equal condition he know who is the door.”  But to be sure we requested Masrooq (Allah have mercy on him) to ask Hudhayfah who was the door, says Shaqeeq  (Allah have mercy on him). Hudhayfah  (Allah have mercy on him) informed them, “It is Umar himself!”

A sign of Qiyamah is people will be greedy for leadership and authority (Caliph).

Shah Waliullah (Allah have mercy on him) further states another fitnah will be one that strips mankind of human instinct. He will reduce himself to animalistic behaviour. Do we hear of incest? Rape? Juvenile murders? Beastiality?  “There will be people who commit heinous crimes such as sleeping with their biological mothers” (Hadith). Shah Waliullah finishes by saying, “then will come the tornadoes, the tsunamis, the earthquakes.” How quickly will the events of Qiyamah befall? “Two men will be in a transaction,a piece of cloth will be put on the counter, they will be debating the price and Qiyamah will have happened!” (Hadith)

Another sign is that transparency, honest and trust will be extinct. When will this happen? When undeserving people will aspire for position and they will be given that position. We see so much nepotism in our institutions and circles. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “You will see exploitation, discrimination, unfairness and injustices – all blatant and brazen.” The companions (Allah have mercy on them) queried, “What do you advise?” He (peace be upon him) answered, “Whoever you owe your due to, discharge your due to him and what is owed to you, ask it from Allah.”

Allah says, “And We have made some of you [people] as trial for others – will you have patience? And ever is your Lord, Seeing.” (25:20) In the footnotes of Tafsir Uthmani, Allah is telling the Prophet (peace be upon him), the disbelievers are there to test your perseverance and you are there to test their submission.

A fitnah will also be those without knowledge who like to comment on the Qur’an. “And of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge and follows every rebellious devil.” (22:3)  “And no one knows its [true] interpretation except Allah .” (3:7) The reason Allah sent the Qur’an was to see our compliance and whether we believe. Nobody truly knows what it means except Allah. But we love to have our views and opinions in deen and comment by ‘googling’  answers. And to prove that we have a story, Imam Hakim (Allah have mercy on him) in Mustadrak narrates that someone came to the Giant of Tafseer, Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Allah have mercy on him) and said, “There are two verses of the Qur’an and I can see a clear contradiction please help me reconcile,  “then it will ascend to Him in a Day, the extent of which is a thousand years of those which you count.” (32:5) The second verse, “The angels and the Spirit will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years.” Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Allah have mercy on him) said, “these are two verses which Allah has categorically stated, how can i blurt something about which I know nothing.”

…How easy is it to say, “I don’t know.”

Mawlana Abdur Raheem Limbada Saheb, (Ustadh of Bury Darul Uloom)

The Court of Justice

We all have to stand before Allah on the Day of Qiyamat – hisaab, kitaab, mizaan, pul siraat…these are all things that we will all have to face.

We will come out of our graves just as we came out of the womb.

We will be raised back to life just as we are now; to the very fingertip.

The first person to be raised back to life will be Nabi (SAW), followed by the Khulafaa Rashidun, followed by those of Jannatul Baaqi, followed by those of Jannatul Ma’laa.

The maydaan (plain) of Hashr will either be Arafat or in Baytul Maqdis (there are differing opinions on this and Allah knows best). The maydaan will be stretched, there will be no seas as they will all have perished.

We will be drowning in sweat according to our sins. Things will be out of the norm on that day. Some people, (the chosen and blessed ones) will be under the shade of the Arsh  (Throne of Allah SWT). They will include the just ruler, the person who spent his youth in the path of deen, the one whose heart is attached to the Masjid, the one who rejected zinaa (fornication), two people who met and parted for Allah’s SWT sake, the one who gave in charity and the one who remembered Allah SWT and cried out of fear of Him. With regards to the last category, Shaykh mentioned that the one who cries even a single tear in this state will be granted this lofty status. We pray that the Almighty Allah SWT grants us the status of these people and grants us the shade of His Arsh on the day when there will be no shade. Shaykh also mentioned that two other categories have also been mentioned, though they are not as well known. They include the one who has istihzar (awareness/consciousness) of Allah SWT at all times and those who are kind to their spouses and parents.

Shaykh mentioned a description of the day when we shall be standing before Allah – how often to we think about this? Have we ever thought about this? We will be standing before our Creator, just you and Him. Before the commencement of hisaab kitaab, the people will be waiting for judgement to commence, everyone of us will be in a state of sheer panic and fear. People will start asking each other questions such as, ‘How long are we going to wait?’ (due to their anxiety), however as we will be weak, we will not have the guts to go straight to Allah SWT to ask Him, instead, we will look for an intercessor. (There is a difference of opinion as to whether all of the people will approach the Ambiya (AS) one by one or whether it will only be those amongst the pious). Each Prophet (AS) when approached, will say, ‘My Rabb is extremely angry today due to the sins of man, I made a mistake once; nafsi, nafsi’

Nabi (SAW), when approached will accept our request and will travel with Jibraeel (AS) on the buraaq. He (SAW), will be taken somewhere and will praise Allah SWT in a manner that will be inspired by Allah SWT Himself, he (SAW), will praise Allah SWT in a manner that Allah SWT has never been praised before. Allah SWT will ask him (Nabi SAW) to raise his head and ask; he (SAW) will ask for our intercession and he (SAW) will also make dua for hisaab kitaab to commence. This will be granted. The heavens and the earth will split asunder and the angels in the first heaven will be heard. There will be such a nur (heavenly/divine light) emanating from the first heaven that the people will ask if it is Allah SWT Himself. The people will be told that it is just the angels, who will come down onto maydaan-e-hashr and will surround the people. This will happen for each and every of the seven heavens, then finally, the Arsh of Allah SWT will be brought down by eight strong angels.

 Every nation will be told to follow whoever they followed, be this idols, people of false deities.

Our books will be presented to us so that we can read them (see verse: ‘Iqra’ kitataabaq…’) and they will given to us in either our right or left hands according to our deeds.

This will be the time when we will have a direct conversation with Allah SWT. A screen will be placed around a believer as Allah SWT is As-Sattaar. Therefore we are reminded that if Allah SWT conceals our sins, why do we, ourselves, not? If we commit sins, do not boast about them or make them public knowledge (through social media etc), rather our first steps should be those towards repentance.

At this stage, the mutakabireen (oppressors) will be cast aside and they will not even be granted Allah SWT’s presence.

Every person will be asked four questions, and their feet will not move until they answer them fully, what are these questions? They are:

1)    How did you spend your life?

2)    How did you spend your youth (the best portion of your life)?

3)    How did you spend your wealth and how did you earn it? (every single penny will need to be accounted for, thus why the poor will reach Jannah before the rich).

4)    How much ilm (knowledge) did you acquire, and how did you acquire it?

After this accountability has taken place, every good deed and every bad deed will be placed on the scale.

There are three groups that will be ‘fast-tracked’ to their destination, they will be:

1)    The Ambiya (AS) and other such people who will have no hisaab to give as they are not sinners.

2)    The Kuffaar who will have no hisaab to give as they are sinners.

3)    Those who are in-between the two (Al-A’raaf) – their good deeds and their bad deeds will be equal in weight and one good deed will make all the difference (however this will a day in which no-one will be willing to part with anything, not a single deed, as they will only be concerned about their own fate; nafsi, nafsi).

The events at the Pul Siraat and the knocking on the doors of Jannah by Nabi (SAW) will occur (wherein Ridhwaan will only open the door to Nabi (SAW)).

Everyone will go their own Jannah, just as we know which house is our house in this world, we will know which house is our house in Jannah as we will have been shown it during our time in the barzaq. On a side note Shaykhul Hadeeth mentioned that we hear a lot of people use the phrase, ‘Only Allah will judge me’ etc. Shaykhul Hadeeth advised us not to use this phrase due to the flippant nature of it; considering what has been covered, we need to take in to account the enormity of the words we are saying: Allah Will Judge Us. It should strike absolute fear in to our hearts – Allah SWT is going to judge us for every single deed one day very soon; what if on that day Allah SWT is angry with us? What if we have done something that has angered Allah SWT and attracted His wrath? All of the hasaanat (good deeds) that we have acquired could be wiped out due to one sin, one sin.

We must remember that on that day, all of creation will be given true and absolute justice, for our Rabb is Al-Adl (The Most Just), so much so that on that day, an animal who only had one horn will be given justice for not having two horns, SubhanAllah.

Shaykh Ahmed Ali (al-Mahad al-Islami, Bradford)

Let me take you back to July 1999, the 16th Century false Prophet was on the lips of every person, the news the media, it was none other than Nostradamus. He made many a prediction, despite many of those predictons were not true and proven false people still believed that the world was going to end. There were a group of people sat with their belongings in the centre of Leeds, waiting for the world to end. And many others believed the same. But did the world come to an end? Are you in doubt? Lol. Then it was the millennium – the world was meant to end. But it is August 2014, we are still here. Now, the talk of the town is still the world will come to an end!

We are sat here today to talk about the End of the World – Qiyamah. You don’t normally see a Masjid so full with thousands of people listening lecture upon lecture. Only in Ramadhan you may see this. On Jumuah you will see this but we pray 2 rak’ah and then leave. Our Masajid are crying, they are empty. We do not pray as we need to pray. We do to bow down as we need to bow down. We do not prostrate as we need to prostrate. We do not fast as we need to fast. Have we forgotten a time will come, when we will need to face our Lord, the Lord of the Arsh and Kursiyy (throne). There will be no veil or wall between you and Allah Almighty. Picture this in your mind’s eyes, this is no joke. Allah will be angry like never before. He will punish like nobody has ever punished before. Allah will hold you account for every word, for every minute, every word you uttered, every sin you committed, now tell me brothers is this what excites you about the world ending and about the Akhirah. Allah is swearing, “I will fill Jahannam with the humankind and the jinnkind!”

The fire of hell is not yellow or red like that of the fire in this world, it is absolutely black! The fire of Hell will be brought on Qiyamah it will have 70,000 reins and on every rein there will be 70,000 angels pulling and bringing Jahannam. Jahannam will be angry because Allah Almighty will be angry. It will be brought on the plain of Qiyamah, believe me kid! You will be there, you will be the actor in this film, you’re the producer and the director. Trust me, or you can hold my neck on the day of Qiyamah and call me a liar. Imagine the heat, billions of people on one open plain, every man from Adam (peace be upon him) till the last man Allah creates. You will be standing so close together you will be on top of one another. The Prophet (peace be upon him) described this as, “Feet on the day of Qiyamah will be like arrows in a pouch.” You will not be able to put your feet on the ground.

The sun is currently 90,000,000 miles away, on that day it will be brought close. Our Prophet informed us it will only be a mile away. ‘Meel’ in arabic is termed as a mile or some Ulama have taken another meaning which is the needle one uses to put surmah on. Man next to beast, beast next to jinn, jinn next to shaytan and it will be totally hectic. You will sweat, either up to your ankles, or up to your knees, or up to your waist and some will be completely drowning in sweat due to their sins. How is this possible that one person can be sweating up to his ankles and next to you someone is sweating up to his waist? it will happen brothers and sisters do not ponder on this too much by using your Aql (intellect). As everything does not make sense in our Aql. For example when we do masah on our socks for wudhu, do we do it on the top or the bottom of our socks? On the top, whereas it is the bottom that gets dirty. The reason for this is our religion is based on Naql (Qur’an/Hadith) not on Aql (intellect).

Now, the doors of Hell will be open, and the fire will be black as Allah will have been fuelling it for many years. When you light a fire and keep it burning it gets hotter and hotter, the fire of Jahannam has been burning for thousands and thousands of years. The doors of Hell will be thrown open and the hot air will blow on the faces of some and not on others. “The smell of Hell on the plain of resurrection will be worse than rotten corpses.” (Hadith) We cannot bear the stench of a dead mouse under the floorboards in our house, what will be the smell on that day. The gravity of this day will be so hard for us, a man will say, “O Allah! Just send me to Hell, I cannot bear this anymore, please send me to Hell, I will stay in Hell, anything but this!!” This is just the start, this is nothing, just the beginning. The punishment of Hell is far, far worse. For those who disbelieved in this world they will burn in Hell forever and ever, no coming out, no rest, no peace and respite.

Shaykh Hashim Ahmad (USA) – Prepare today for tomorrow

(Shaykh Hashim presented his topic with the aid of a PPT presentation thus it is difficult to translate without the slides for reference)

The two questions one needs to ask are these:

1)    Why am I here?

2)    What is the purpose of my life?

With regards to the first question, man has travelled far into space and into the depth of the oceans yet he still hasn’t figured out the purpose of his own creation, of his own existence – ajeeb!

With regards to the second question:

‘And I created not the jinn and mankind except for (My continuous) ubudiyyah (worship/servitude).

On a sidenote, Shaykh Hashim mentioned that the English translation(s) given for the term ‘ubudiyyah’ are rather lacking, for they do not even come close to defining or capturing the essence of what the term in Arabic means and tries to convey.

 (The root of the word ‘ubudiyyah’ is abd, which means ‘slave’; a slave does nothing except that which the Master commands)

A few questions that we need to look at in order to understand the essence of Islam:

1)    What is Islam?

Islam isn’t an ‘ism’; Judaism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism etc, rather, it is a state of being. It is an absolute submission to Allah SWT, a submission borne out of love, awe and reverence of the Master

2)    Who is a Muslim?

A Muslim is one who submits (to his Lord, to the commands of his Lord).

3)    What is Deen?

It is a total system of submission to Allah.

Run to Allah, not from Him!

Ubudiyyah (servitude) isn’t just ibaadah (worship) – it (ubudiyyah) is obedience and servitude to Allah out of love and reverence of Him – whereas acts of ibaadah, like the five pillars of Islam are the ahkaamaat (commandments); they just also happen to be forms of ibaadah. Shaykh Hashim used a visual metaphor and described how ubudiyyah is like the trunk of a tree, with da’wah, taleem and tarbiyah being it’s roots (they are the basis upon which ubudiyyah is founded, and without which, ubudiyyah cannot exist, be understood or nurtured). Acts of ibaadah such as salaah, sawm, zakaah and hajj amongst others are the branches of this tree.

Shaykh Hashim finished off the talk by discussing the seven aqabaat outlined by Imaam Ghazali in his ‘On the path to ubudiyyah’:

1)    Tanabbuh (Awakening)

Recognition of being a Muslim and what this involves.

2)    Ilm and Tawbah

3)    Awaa’iq (Hinderences)

Awaa’iq: The Dunya

The remedy: Tajarrud – Abstain from the dunya, learn not to love it

Awaa’iq: Society

The remedy: Taffarud – Choose solitude instead of excessive socialising

Awaa’iq: Shaytan

The remedy: Muharabah – Battle him

Awaa’iq: Nafs

The remedy: Mukhalafa – Oppose it

4)    Awaarid (Obstacles)

Awaarid: Rizq (sustenance)

The remedy: Learn tawaqqul (reliance on Allah)

Awaarid: Akhtar (dangers)

The remedy: Tafweedh (plan, then leave the matter to Allah SWT)

Awaarid: Masa’ib (calamities)

The remedy: Sabr

Awaarid: Qadr (destiny)

The remedy: Ridaa bil qadha

5)    Bawaa’ith (motivators)

Raja (hope) and Khawf (fear) – these are both revivers.

6)    Qawadhih (destructors)

Riya (pride/showing off) and Ujb (conceit)

7)    And if/when you have worked your way through this process, turn to Hamd (praising Allah) and express your Shukr (gratitude).

Suggestions for an action plan to attain true ubudiyyah:

1)    Niyyah (intention)

2)    Azm (Determination)

3)    Sabr (Patience

4)    Connected with ‘the connected’ (the ulema)

Ismail Ibn Nazir Satia (In dire need of Allah’s forgiveness, mercy and pleasure).

10th Dhul Qa’dah 1435

The End of Days

In the Name of Allah the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the all-knowing, the all-seeing and we beseech Allah to send His noblest blessings on the Seal of the Prophets, Our Master and Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam).

Assalamu Alaykum WaRahmatullahi WaBarakatuhu,

Dear Respected Brothers and Sisters,

After having attended ‘The End of Days’ conference at the Birmingham Central Mosque which was kindly organised by as-Suffa institute (Allah reward them), I thought to help me recap and recollect my thoughts, as well as sharing the Khayr with my brothers and sisters around the UK and elsewhere, I would put my notes to use for once! I shall try to keep my points short but succinct, so please bear with me. Bearing in mind my notes are not going to be precise I shall try to reference what I can and the rest will just have the scholars name as reference. If you do come across an error or something you wish to add, please do not hesitate to comment below – Jazak Allah. IS.

Mufti Liyaqut Saheb (Teacher at as-Suffa)

Mufti Saheb very eloquently mentioned how we should think about what we are and where we have come from. Man starts from a drop of sperm, forms into a foetus and thereafter enters into the world as a baby; young and feeble not able to help himself and crawling on all fours. Later, he develops through childhood into adulthood and just when he starts to think he is no longer in need of anyone and can stand for himself, he looks at himself with pride through his youthful eyes.  Allah reminds him of who he actually is and what ‘man’ is capable of doing on his own – nothing! Man is now in his old age, in a state of helplessness and weakness, back in a position where he started: dependent on others.  The lesson we learn from this very real eye-opener is that nothing remains: not our youth, our strength nor our beauty is everlasting.  Everything will come to an end and the world will eventually crumble with all our precious passions and desires left behind.

Mufti Saheb further elucidated on the minor signs of Qiyamah and focused in detail on the disappearing of knowledge before Qiyamah. He quoted, “The destruction of society because of the lack of knowledge, is worse than the destruction of society because of natural disasters.” Hadeeth (Prophetic Tradition) teaches us that Ilm (religious knowledge)will disappear not by Allah removing it from the hearts, rather through the death of Ulama (religious scholars). But who are the true, religious scholars? Someone once asked Hasan Basri RH, “What is an Aalim?”  He replied, “A seeker of knowledge in our times could be spotted through a few signs that, in essence, were the effects of this religious ilm.” He listed them as:

1. His humbleness

2. Abstinence from materialistic gain

3. Tongue (safeguarding it)

4. His gaze (focused on the Hereafter).

The world ‘Ilm’ comes from ‘Alam’ in Arabic which means ‘a sign’ or ‘to print’. So, we could say, knowledge is there to be imprinted in the mind. And this is how Islamic knowledge was passed on, directly from heart to heart and by sitting at the feet of scholars. Unfortunately, today we have  people who copy and paste from screen to screen, sending fatwas by e-mail or text through a few misunderstood forwards put together and as a result, believe themselves to be ‘learned’.  We can only truly understand knowledge by thinking and pondering on each, minute verse or word deeply. Allah cannot be worshipped without true knowledge. Our deen (religion) cannot be learnt at the tips of your fingers, ‘googling’ away whilst eating a packet of crisps. Unfortunately, we quote Hadeeth without even thinking and verifying whether it is correct or not. The students of Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (R.A.) once said, “Abdullah bin Mas’ood wouldn’t quote hadith as he pleased or whenever he wished. For one year we didn’t hear him say, ‘The Prophet (peace be upon him) said’.  After a year he said it, but started sweating immediately and then said, ‘No! No! I am not sure. I think he (peace be upon him) said it…”

Allah save us.

Mufti Abdul Rehman Mangera (ZamZam Academy, London)

Mufti Saheb began explaining there are different signs of Qiyamah: minor and major. He explained how many of the prophecies of Our Beloved Nabi (peace be upon him) have come true.  The word ‘Nabi’ means Prophet, the root word of which is ‘Naba’a’ in Arabic which means ‘to inform’. So quite simply put, the Prophets informed us of future events. He further explained about how people think the end of times are near because of the current climate and turmoil. When we had an Islamic Caliphate in Baghdad under the Abassid rule (Family of Abbas R.A.), one of the Khawarij attacked an envoy of Tartars. To retaliate, the Tartars starting killing Muslims, wiping cities like Bukhara and Samarqand.  They then arrived at the centre of the Darul Khilafah, Baghdad. Here they killed 800,000 Muslims (almost 1 million).

Unfortunately, we are in a downfall today but what we need to ask ourselves is, are WE contributing to the downfall? We should not be contributing nor should we be despondent by thinking it is the end of times and we will now wait for Mahdi (Allah be pleased with him). Presently, we see Muslims being killed and butchered but this is not something new, it happened before and, sadly enough, it will continue to happen. But history shows we must do something positive, not be negative and sit back. In the time of Imam Suyooti RH, the 10th century (he died 911 hijri) people were also being killed and there was widespread fitnah (corruption) people in those times said they wouldn’t last till 1000 hijri, but they did and we are here today, Alhumdu Lillah.  So brothers and sisters, let us remember before Mahdi (Allah be pleased with him) or Eesa (peace be upon him) or Dajjal that our own death lies closer.  Let us prepare for that by praying regularly, being honest and fulfilling ties. Let us together avoid greed, avarice and enmity. Life is short. It is easy to sit online and listen to talks by scholars and professors who say Dajjal has already come out, or the Tartars were Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) etc. Rather, let us move forward and make positive changes in our lives and maybe those around us too.

Moving forward, Mufti Saheb elaborated on some of the minor sins starting with the death of Ulama and knowledge being taken away. The Ulama of today are not like the Ulama of the past. The great giants of Hadeeth like Imam Bukhari had 4,000 – 5,000 teachers. How?  Because he travelled for knowledge. People were thirsty for knowledge and they had a zeal, a passion, a thirst. In Basrah or Baghdad a large masjid, bigger than this Masjid (Birmingham Central) would have had an Alim at every pillar giving Dars (lesson) on various topics; Seerah, Tafsir or Hikam. But this is not the case today and true knowledge is disappearing with the death of pious Ulama.

Another minor sign is that time will pass quickly because our lives will be devoid of Barakah (blessings). He narrated how when he travelled to Saharanpur, India he had a long day and managed to do a lot in a day. Then he served as an Imam in USA and he had no time for anything – 24 hours were not enough! But here, in the UK he sees a balance with the time.He asked one of his teachers regarding this, to which the reply he got, “Remember Allah abundantly and you will get Barakah.” If you make time for Allah, then Allah will make time for you.

Another on the list of minor signs, music, singing and dancing will be rife. Disobedience of parents is also a minor sign, which we see everywhere. Using the term, “My old man!” This is very disrespectful for one’s father. Also, murder and killing will be seen globally and it will be taken lightly.There were many other examples of foretold prophecies given by the Prophet (peace be upon him), one of which was, “The first fitnah will be killing, the killing of Uthman and the last of which will be Dajjal.” Also, let us look in the Hadith which mention about the greatest fitnah for men are women. And we men understand how hard it is to lower your gaze and protect yourself, imagine how great the fitnah of Dajjal will be. Trial and tribulations will come like waves of an ocean and waves do not stop or relax!

From the major signs the first sign will be the appearing of the Mahdi (Allah be pleased with him). Seven of the greatest Ulama (not most famous) will be going for Hajj every year, that year there will be many problems especially in Mina, to the extent blood will be shed on the Jamaraat. These Ulama will recognise Imam Mahdi (Allah be pleased with him). But he will escape them and go to Medinah, when the Ulama go to Medinah he will return and so will they. This will happen three times. Finally, they will get hold of him in Makkah and compel him to take reponsibility. (Recorded by Zarooji)

Times will be so hard a man will have to protect his women from going out because of fear of them being corrupted.

Another major sign is the returning of Eesa (peace be upon him).  He will descend on the eastern white minaret of the mosque in Damascus. We should bear in mind, when the Prophet (peace be  upon him) told his companions (Allah be pleased with them) the masjid was not built (whereas now it is). The minaret is near the Christian quarters. Eesa (peace be upon him) will break the cross and abolish the pigs and the Christians will follow him. However the Jews will split in two groups. Eesa (peace be upon him) will go to Jerusalem and Dajjal will be there. He will be telling the people, “Come! Time for Salah!” Eesa (peace be upon him) will kill Dajjal at a place called ‘Ludd’. Just a note here, currently in this place, Ludd, there is a Tablighi Markaz. After this, Yajooj and Majooj will appear but Eesa (peace be upon him) will not have as much power over them like he did over Dajjal.

Shaykh Zahir (Founder of as-Suffah)

Shaykh Zahir started with ‘Hadeeth Jibraeel’ in which, as a summary, it explains Islam: the five pillars, Imaan, the articles of faith, ihsaan, to worship Allah as though you see him.  The Hadeeth ends with the signs of Qiyamah – that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.  Shaykh went on to say how the Mushrikeen (polytheists) could never digest the matter of Qiyamah and the world ending.

Adiyy ibn Hatim (Allah be pleased with him) says I came to Medinah and I was with the Prophet (peace be upon him) when an African woman came to complain to the Prophet (peace be upon him) about her master, so the Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt with her affair. He (peace be upon him) then said  to me, “Take my hand and go wherever you want in Medinah.” Adiyy (Allah be pleased with him) says that I knew this man was no king or ruler because you cannot do this with them.

According to a Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever dies his Qiyamah has started” (Musnadul Firdaws- Daylami). When the angel of death will approach man, he will say, “Why have you come so early? You should have sent me a postcard!” The angel of death will say, “I did send you a postcard! Didn’t you see babies dying? Natural disasters? Cities being wiped away? Your grey hair? Wrinkles on your face?”

Allah says: “The Hour has come near, and the moon has split [in two]” (54:1).  Here, one may question the past tense as Qiyamah has not yet occurred.  The explanation to that is understood in the language style of the Arabs who, in order to mention something of great importance would use the past tense. Allah is showing us the gravity of Qiyamah and the events post Qiyamah so man can take heed. But what do we see in the Dunya (worldly life)?  The more Allah gives a man the more arrogant, the more agnostic, the more atheist he becomes. He can reach the depths of the seas, the peaks of the mountains, travel from one side of the world to the other but Allah is still above him and in control of him. If he forgets Allah, Allah will remind him as the verse explains, “The example of [this] worldly life is but like rain which We have sent down from the sky that the plants of the earth absorb – [those] from which men and livestock eat – until, when the earth has taken on its adornment and is beautified and its people suppose that they have capability over it, there comes to it Our command by night or by day, and We make it as a harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday. Thus do We explain in detail the signs for a people who give thought” (10:24).

The final hour and death are two things which only Allah Almighty knows. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) would talk about Qiyamah he would get passionate, his cheeks would get red and talk as though he was warning about an enemy. When all the minor signs will finish and the major signs finish a wind will blow and take the souls of all the Muslims. Then then Ka’bah will be broken and Israfeel will be given the order to blow the horn. Since Israfeel has been given the trumpet his eyes have not moved from the Arsh because he does not want to delay the blowing of the trumpet for even the blink of an eye. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “How can I rest, how can I rest when Israfeel is waiting to blow the trumpet.”  The Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them) were very worried as they were worried about their Akhirah (hereafter) so they went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and He (peace be upon him) said,”Say: Allah is enough for us and upon Him do we rely.”

And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing, looking on. (39:68)

Imagine the scene when the trumpet will be blown, everything will stop and drop dead! How will be the sound of that horn? Today they are researching how to kill people without shotting bullets, they have sonic weapons and bullets whereby they do not need to shoot. They can break your eyeballs through the noise it makes. Let us look how Allah killed the people of Thamud, he killed them through noise, “And the shriek (sayhah) seized those who had wronged, and they became within their homes [corpses] fallen prone.” (11:67) “But they were insolent toward the command of their Lord, so the thunderbolt (saa’iqah) seized them while they were looking on.” (51:44). So what is the difference between ‘Sayhah’ and ‘Saa’iqah’? Sayhah has the ability to kill and Saa’iqah has the ability to kill and burn.

120 decibels your ears will hurt

140 decibels your eardrums will pop

150 decibels your ribs will hurt and pain

200 decibles livers and lungs punch

So, it could start of as Sayhah and end up as Saa’iqah. This is why in America they are making electricity from soundwaves. Scientists prove if the noise is intense enough it can crush somebody. If the noise is above 200 decibels it can have an impact on a person’s body

Mufti Muhammad Ibn Adam Al-Kawthari (Daruliftaa.com, Leicester)

One thing everyone agrees on is death. But nobody knows their date of death neither the location. Death is such a reality but nobody wants to talk about it, because it is distasteful.  But more important than the end of time, end of days or Qiyamah itself is our own end – our death. Let us not dwell too much on Qiyamah and the events beforehand. The Prophet (peace be upon him) emphasised this many times in Hadith, we should remember death often so that the love of the world leaves our hearts. Once a piece of soft cloth came in front of the Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them) and they were amazed by the softness. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw this he said, “Are you amazed by the softness of this cloth? The towel/cloth in Jannah of Saad ibn Muaadh is much softer than this.” He (peace be upon him) was taking the love of materialistic things out of their hearts and instilling the love of the hereafter. Brothers and sisters we do not have long in this world. The average life span in this country is 60! “An intelligent man is the one who controls his Nafs (desires) and prepares for the Hereafter, (whereas) the foolish one is he who follows his desires and keeps (false) hopes in Allah.” Hadith

So time is short and time is flying by. A week goes like a day and a month goes like a week. But we are so engrossed in this worldly life and in pursuit of materialistic gain we have forgotten the Akhirah (hereafter). All we want to do is follow celebrities and football stars and pop stars. Allah has described this worldly life as a ‘game’ in the Qur’an. Meaning in comparison to the hereafter it is a game – the real deal is the hereafter. Let our focus be there In Sha Allah.

Man goes through different stages, his youth is spent in driving fast cars, eating nice food and dining out, chasing girls and having the latest gadgets. Then he grows up, now he gets married has pride over his wife and children. He boasts over his wealth, his properties in the UK and Dubai etc. He must be better than everyone around, his friends and family members. He forgets death and is unaware of the Hereafter. Hadith actually tells us to remember the destroyer of pleasures: death! We should also visit the cemetery frequently and remember people close to us who have left the world in young age and old age. When you leave this world you will take nothing with you. Your name is forgotten, you are referred to as ‘the body’ when you die.

Dunya in arabic means ‘something that is going to go’. Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said, “Every day it is announced fulaan ibn fulaan has died. A day will surely come and it will be announced Umar ibn Khattab has died and left the world.”

When a good man is put in his grave a voice will whisper to him, “Sleep as a newly wedded wife sleeps.” This is why Hadith mentions, “The grave is either a garden from the gardens of Jannah. Or it is a ditch from the ditches of Jahannam.” Mufti Shafi (Allah have mercy on him) of Pakistan said, “the grave and life of Barzakh is like a waiting room.” His son Mufti Taqi Uthmani says, “Every person thinks a lot and has a lot of thoughts about the world; work, family, shopping, car, property or marriage. But we need to change our thoughts to the hereafter, death, the grave, Qiyamah, the scales, pul sirat (bridge over Hell) and Jannah/Jahannam.”

Death is a gift for the believer – Hadith.

Ismail Ibn Nazir Satia  (In dire need of Allah’s mercy, forgiveness and pleasure).

1st Dhul Qa’dah