By Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh

The Night of ‘Īd
The nights of both ‘Īds are described in the hadīth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Īd and perform ‘ibādah is a source of great virtue and reward.

1. Abū ‘Umārah radhiyallāhu anhu relates that Rasūlullāh sallāllahu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

Whoever stays awake and performs ‘ibādah on the night of the two ‘Īds, with hope for abundant reward (from Allāh ta’ālā), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyāmah) when all hearts will be dead. (Targhīb)

2. Mu‘ādh Ibn Jabal radhiyallāhu anhu relates that Rasūlullāh sallāllahu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

Jannah is wājib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ‘ibādah on the following nights: 8th, 9th, 10th, of Dhul Hijjah, the night of ‘Īd-ul-Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha‘bān. (Targhīb)

3. Imām Shafi‘ī rahimahullāh said: “Du‘ās are answered on the nights of Friday (the night between Thursday and Friday), the nights before the two ‘Īds and the 15th night of Sha‘bān.”

Sunnats of the Day of ‘Īd
1. To rise early.
2. To clean the teeth with miswāk.
3. To have a masnūn bath.
4. To dress in one’s best garments in an Islamic manner.
5. To use ‘itr (apply fragrance).
6. To eat dates or any other sweets before going for the ‘Īd-ul Fitr Salāh.
7. To go early for ‘Īd Salāh.
8. To go walking for ‘Īd Salāh.
9. To read the Takbīrāt of Tashrīq in a low voice while going for the ‘Īd Salāh.

Allāhu akbar Allāhu akbar lā ilāha illallāhu wallāhu akbar
Allāhu akbar wa lillāhil hamd

10. To use different routes to and from the place of ‘Īd Salāh.
Mas’alah: It is harām to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul Ḥijjah, (i.e. on ‘Īd-ul-Ad’hā and three days after) and the day of ‘Īd-ul-Fitr.

The Method of ‘Īd Salāh

1. Make niyyah (intention) of performing two raka‘āts wājib of ‘Īd-ul-Fitr behind the imām, with six wājib takbīr.
2. The first takbīr in the first rak‘ah is the takbīr tahrīmah which is followed by three wājib takbīr. Raise your hands to the ears in all four takbīr (saying the takbīr). However, after the first takbīr fold the hands under the navel and read thanā (sub’hānakallāhumma…). Thereafter, in the following two takbīr raise the hands up to the ears and drop them on the sides and after the fourth takbīr fold them again.

3. The imām will recite Sūrah-al-Fātihah and another sūrah and go into rukū‘ and sajdah etc. as usual.

4. In the second rak‘ah, after the recitation and before rukū‘ another three takbīr will be called. In all three takbīr raise the hands to the ears and drop them on the sides and go into rukū‘ when the fourth takbīr is called.

NOTE: Four takbīr are said together in each rak‘ah; at the beginning of the first rak‘ah and before going into rukū‘ in the second rak‘ah. The easy method of remembering when to drop the hands and when to fold is mentioned hereunder:

(a) Remember the following words: Fold, drop, drop, fold, for the first rak‘ah and drop, drop, drop, rukoo‘, for the second rak‘ah.
(b) Or keep the following general rule in mind: when there is something to be recited after a takbīr; the hands should be folded and when nothing is to be recited the hands are to be dropped to the sides.

Mas’alah: It is makrūh to offer any salāh in the masjid where the ‘Īd Salāh is to be performed, before or after the ‘Īd Salāh.

Mas’alah: It is also makrūh to perform any ṣalāh at home before the ‘Īd Salāh, but it is not makrūh after the ‘Īd Salāh. Hence, we should not perform nafl Salāh such as Ishrāq on ‘Īd day.

Mas’alah: If anyone missed the ‘Īd Salāh then he cannot offer it individually.

Mas’alah: Khutbah after the ‘Īd Salāh is sunnah. However, the listening of the khutbah is wājib.

Mas’alah: If anyone joins the ‘Īd Salāh after the imām has said the three takbīr in the first rak‘ah he should say his three takbīr immediately. If he joins while the imām is in rukū‘, then if he feels and has strong hope that he will say three takbīr and join the imām in rukū‘ then he should complete the takbīr before going into rukū‘. Otherwise he should join the imām in rukū‘ and say the three takbīr instead of the tasbīḥ of rukū‘.

NOTE: Whilst saying the takbīr in rukū‘, he should not raise his hands.

NOTE: If the imām rises from rukū‘ before one’s takbīr are completed, one should also rise with the imām and his takbīr will be remitted for him.

Mas’alah: If anyone missed the first rak‘ah and joined the imām in the second rak‘ah, he should say the three takbīr of the first rak‘ah after the recitation when he gets up to complete the missed rak‘ah. 

Mas’alah: If anyone joined the imām in the second rak‘ah after rukū‘, then he should perform two raka‘āts as mentioned above.

© Islāmic Da’wah Academy

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The Challenge after Ramadhan

By Shaykh Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh

With the ending of the blessed month of Ramadān, we will be in the month of Shawwāl. Allāh ta‘ala has granted certain times and places special barakah (blessing); and every Muslim, when in these times or places, will feel this barakah manifesting itself. This in turn will lead to him finding fulfilling all the necessary actions and refraining from sins very easy. Ramadān, the day of Jumu‘ah (Friday), Makkah and Al-Madīnah are all examples of this.

Take the example of Ramadān in which we eagerly read twenty raka‘āt of Tarāwīh, whereas out of Ramadān we find even reading the sunan of ‘Ishā salāh and Witr thereafter a burden. Reading only two rak‘āt nafl with the intention of tahajjud seems a long way away and very difficult despite the great reward promised for this.

Similar is the effect when in blessed places. Whilst visiting the Haramayn, we are invigorated, resulting in us going for salāh in the Haram well before its time. Also, we find the elderly gain strength to do those acts of devotions which they would find difficult otherwise owing to their old age. I remember how once I was fortunate to accompany my mother for ‘umrah. Owing to her old age, I encouraged her by saying to her that she only needs to perform tawāf walking; after that, we will push her for the seven circuits of sa‘ī in a wheelchair. When we reached the place of sa‘ī, she refused the wheelchair and walked the entire way, staying up with the group. I am sure that back home she would not have been able to walk so much! This was due to the blessings of Ramadān and of being in the Haram.

So, in Ramadān, it was due to the great blessings that Allāh ta‘ala showered upon us that we were able to devote ourselves in His worship. Allāh ta‘ala facilitated this for us, as the Prophet sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam says, “When Ramadān comes, the gates of Jannah are open, the doors of Jahannam are closed, and the Shayātīn are imprisoned.” (Al-Bukhārī) Also, angels are appointed by Allāh ta‘ala who call out, “O seeker of khayr (goodness)! Move forward. O seeker of evil! Stop.” (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah) All of this results in good deeds becoming easier for us.

However, with the passing of these blessed days and with an absence of blessed places, we should not expect this same energy and vigour to be there now; however, this does not mean that we should wait for eleven months before devoting ourselves once again to Allāh ta‘ala. Rather, Allāh ta‘ala grants us the blessings of Ramadān to encourage us towards His obedience so that we can continue with it during the year. This can be understood from the analogy of young children who are going to nursery for the first time. Their parents will encourage them with all sorts of incentives: sweets, chocolates, etc. Then once they get into a routine there is no need for such incentives. Similarly, Allāh ta‘ala encourages us during Ramadān to come into the routine of His obedience offering us mercy, barakah, forgiveness, etc. in abundance. We, alhamdulillāh, get into the habit of salāh, dhikr, recitation of the Qur’ān, abstinence from sins, etc. during the blessed month which then should continue throughout the year and the remainder of our lives.

This is the challenge after Ramadān that, with Shaytān and nafs on our backs, we continue in a similar pattern till the following Ramadān. The month of Ramadān is granted to us by Allāh ta‘ala to become God-conscious and remain throughout the year, and for the rest of our lives until we breathe our last.

“O you who believe! The fasts have been enjoined upon you as they were enjoined upon those before you, so that you may become God-conscious.” (2:183)

Remember my dear brothers and sisters! We valued Ramadān knowing that it was very blessed, but so is every second of our lives; hence, they too need to be spent in fruitful actions. Ramadān was only blessed for us because we spent it in good ways. If we had not spent it correctly, then it would not have been blessed for us. Similar is the case with spending time in the Haramayn. If spent with negligence, there will be no blessings for us. Any moment of the year spent getting closer to Allāh ta‘ālā is blessed, no matter what month it may be and where it may be.

Therefore, with the passing of Ramadān we should not relax and become lax, for this effort needs to continue till our last breath. Shaytān has vowed to continue his efforts to mislead us till the last breath. The great Imām Ahmad ibn Hambal rahimahullāh was in the throes of death when he could be heard saying, “Not yet, not yet!” His son was alarmed that his father did not want to die; having spent his entire life giving the message that death is a gift for a believer, as it is the bridge that joins him to his beloved – Allāh ta‘ala. When his father regained consciousness and was asked why he was saying what he was, he said that Shaytān appeared before him telling him that he has escaped his clutches to which he replied, “Not yet, not yet!” (Siyaru-A‘lām-An-Nubalā)

This struggle against our unlawful desires and Shaytān needs to continue. We need to always stay alert and aware of the Commands of Allāh ta‘ala as well the deceits of Shaytān and our base desires. If we make an earnest effort, then Allāh ta‘ala will definitely assist us:

“As for those who strive in Our way, We will certainly guide them onto Our paths, and indeed Allāh is with those who are good in deeds.” (29:69)

Keeping this in mind and acting accordingly will inshā’allāh ensure that just as we strove to make our Ramadān memorable, our lives will become memorable too.

© Riyādul Jannah (2012)

Pearls of Ramadān (3)

Guidance and advice for the Blessed Month from Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh

News of ‘Īd

The following two advices will help to maintain the momentum of Ramadān and safeguard us from wasting the remaining precious moments of Ramadān, due to the excitement of the advent of ‘Īd. 

1)  On the 29th of Ramadān remain occupied in devotions to Allāh ta‘ālā, as the precious moments are slipping away quickly. Do not endeavour to find out before Maghrib whether the moon has been sighted or not.

2)  If however you learn before Maghrib that the moon has been sighted, then do not inform others until after Maghrib so that they are not distracted and become negligent. Keep yourself engaged in ‘ibādah (worship), as for you it is still Ramadān until Maghrib.

Presentation Night (Laylat-ul-Jā’izah)

The whole of Ramadān was a spiritual tournament and the night of ‘Īd (i.e. the night before ‘Īd day) is when the winning team is awarded their prize.

If you are given the ability to worship Allāh ta‘ālā during this auspicious night then it is an indication that you are in the winning team.

In order to be eligible for a prize the least we should do is to refrain from every sin and engage in a little bit of extra ‘ibādah for a while during this night.

© At-Tazkiyah

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