In Memory of My Late Father, NazirAhmed Daud Satia (1947 – 2013)
Here in Blackburn was where his life started,
He wasn’t just a man, he wasn’t just a father, but so ever kind-hearted;
Principled, firm, full of awe and his beauty shone through,
With a voice so strong, every word spoken true.
In India, is where his life began,
His move to England was Allah’s plan.
Justice was his strength, his aura so majestic,
Community work, joining ties, his charity and courage were fantastic.
His sincerity, selflessness, humility and much more,
Such men are rare, that’s for sure.
Memories of Abba, I will cherish forever,
I pray in Jannah we will be together.
His aura and character sticks in my mind,
His laughter and smile it was one of a kind!
You are now far from our sight
Your beauty disappeared like the day covered by night.
Thank you for a lifetime of lessons I will never forget,
It only seems like yesterday when your sun finally set.
The next stage of your life has been set to begin,
Allah elevate your status and resurrect you without a single sin,
We miss you deeply and wish you all the best,
Allah bless you with every stage of success.
I won’t be sad, I won’t shed a tear,
I know the angels await you, they proclaim: “Do not be sad and do not fear.”
I pray you rest forever in peace and harmony, I pray you will never have pain or ache,
Know for sure, we all love you deeply for Allah’s sake.
Your son, indebted to you forever (Five years on).
19 Rabiul Awwal 1440
By Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh
After the passing of Ramadān, it is important that we remind ourselves of the most important lesson the blessed month left us with, that of bringing Taqwā into our lives and doing our utmost to hold fast to it, until we breathe our last.
The importance of Taqwā cannot be over emphasised. Allāh ta‘ālā has mentioned the word Taqwā in the Glorious Qur’ān around 70 times in the imperative form and over 250 times in its various derivative forms. The Glorious Qur’ān begins with the statement:
This Book has no doubt in it – a guidance for the Muttaqīn. (2:2)
In other words, though in principle the Glorious Qur’ān is a guidance for all, only those who develop the quality of Taqwā can truly benefit from it.
Definition of Taqwā
Taqwā has been defined in many ways; the summary and conclusion of which is that a person creates a barrier between himself and the disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā. Consequently, he will never plan to commit a sin, rather he will exert all efforts to abstain from any form of disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā. The result of this will be every type of success in both worlds. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
…And fear (disobeying) Allāh so that you may become successful. (3:200)
Benefits of Taqwā
There are many benefits for the one who adopts Taqwā as stated in the Glorious Qur’ān:
1. Allāh ta‘ālā will make all matters easy for him. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
.…And the one who fears (disobeying) Allāh, He shall bring about ease for him in his affair. (65:4)
2. Allāh ta‘ālā will provide him with a solution to all his problems. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
.…And the one who fears (disobeying) Allāh, He shall bring forth a way out for him, (65:2)
3. Allāh ta‘ālā will sustain him from all aspects. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
(And the one who fears (disobeying) Allāh).… And shall provide for him (what he needs) from where he does not even imagine (65:3)
4. Allāh ta‘ālā will be with him and assist him. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
Surely, Allāh is with those who adopt Taqwā (16:128)
….be sure that Allāh is with the Muttaqīn (9:36)
5. Allāh ta‘ālā will forgive his sins. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
.…And the one who fears (disobeying) Allāh, He shall cancel (forgive) his sins… (65:5)
6. Allāh ta‘ālā will grant him a huge reward. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
(And the one who fears (disobeying) Allāh)….He shall give him a huge reward. (65:5)
7. Allāh ta‘ālā will grant him Mercy in both worlds. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
And this (Qur‘ān) is a blessed Book We have sent down. So follow it and adopt Taqwā, so that you may be favoured with mercy. (6:55)
And My Mercy extends to everything. So, I shall write it (i.e. the mercy) for those who adopt Taqwā, and pay Zakāh, and those who do believe in Our verses… (7:156)
8. Allāh ta‘ālā will grant him safety from all fear and grief. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
…those who adopt Taqwā and correct themselves will have no fear, nor shall they grieve. (7:35)
9. He will gain the upper hand over Shaytān. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
Surely when the Muttaqīn are touched by the temptation (to do evil) from Shaytān, they become conscious (of Allāh), and their eyes instantly open (i.e. they realise Shaytān’s plot and ignore the temptation). (7:201)
10. He will become beloved to Allāh ta‘ālā. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
Surely, Allāh loves the Muttaqīn. (9:4)
11. Allāh ta‘ālā will grant him safety from enemies. Allāh ta‘ālā states:
If you keep patience and adopt Taqwā, their cunning shall not harm you at all. (3:120)
12. Allāh ta‘ālā will grant him the ultimate success in the form of Jannah. Allāh ta‘ālāstates:
Here is the description of the Paradise promised to the Muttaqīn: underneath it the rivers flow; its food is everlasting and (so is) its shade. This is the ultimate abode of the Muttaqīn … (13:35)
The Acquisition of Taqwā
In order to become deserving of these priceless benefits, it is very important that we make a serious effort to bring Taqwā into our lives. Allāh ta‘ālā through His infinite mercy informs us how to achieve this, as when Allāh ta‘ālā commands the adoption of Taqwā in the Glorious Qur’ān, He follows this with another command which is a way to acquire Taqwā. The following actions are a summary of these commands, which if inculcated, will ensure a person acquires Taqwā:
1. Submission to the Will of Allāh ta‘ālā.
Allāh ta‘ālā states:
O you who believe, fear (disobeying) Allāh, as one should with regards to Allāh, and let not yourself die save as Muslims (totally submitted to Allāh). (3:102)
The submission of the body and soul to the Will of Allāh ta‘ālā enables us to inculcate the essence of Taqwā in our lives. Submission to the Will of Allāh ta‘ālā was the highlight of the life of Sayyidunā Ibrāhīm ‘alayhis salām who is duly remembered in these blessed months. Taking lesson from episodes of submission by the Ambiya‘alayhimus salām and the pious predecessors gives us an insight into the reality of submission. Only when we try to emulate such submission to the Will of Allāh ta‘ālā, will the great quality of Taqwā diffuse into a person’s heart.
2. Adopting correct speech.
Allāh ta‘ālā states:
O you who believe, fear (disobeying) Allāh, and speak in straightforward words. (If you do so,) Allāh will correct your deeds for your benefit, and forgive your sins for you. Whoever obeys Allāh and His messenger achieves a great success. (33:70-71)
The importance of speaking in a truthful and just manner and speaking of good things, in particular the remembrance of Allāh ta‘ālā, must not be taken lightly. The guarantee of Jannah has been promised by Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam to the person undertaking to use his tongue correctly. Being mindful of what one utters will assist in bringing a reformation to the heart and develop Taqwā.
3. Contemplating the Day of Reckoning.
Allāh ta‘ālā states:
O you who believe, fear (disobeying) Allāh, and each person must consider what he (or she) has sent ahead for tomorrow. (59:18)
Keeping a watchful eye over one’s actions and reflecting on how they will be judged by Allāh ta‘ālā on the Day of Resurrection, will lead a person to adopt Taqwā.
4. Being conscious that Allāh ta‘ālā is All-Seeing and All-Knowing.
Allāh ta‘ālā states:
…And fear (disobeying) Allāh. Surely Allāh is fully aware of what you do. (59:18)
Recognising the fact that Allāh ta‘ālā is fully aware of our actions and is recording every minute detail of our lives, is sufficient for a person to create a barrier between himself and the disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā.
5. Adopting pious company.
The above four methods of acquiring Taqwā all share a common trait, that of being fully aware and alert at all times. Whilst living in this world we become engrossed in our daily lives, which leads to negligence and absent mindedness. Therefore, it is imperative that we frequently adopt some form of reminder for ourselves. The adopting of pious company gives a person a two-fold benefit in the endeavour to bring Taqwā: it serves as a constant reminder of the need to acquire Taqwā; and the company of the pious is in itself an effective tool for the acquisition of Taqwā. Allāhta‘ālā states:
O you who believe, fear (disobeying) Allāh, and be in the company of the truthful (i.e. pious). (9:119)
And regarding the truthful, Allāh ta‘ālā says:
Those are the ones who are truthful, and those are the Muttaqīn. (2:177)
May Allāh ta‘ālā grant us all the tawfīq to strive for the great quality of Taqwā. Āmīn.
© Riyādul Jannah (Vol. 25 No. 8, Aug 2016)
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سلام ياعمر الفاروق
Quotes of ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu)
Umar bin Al-Khattab, the second caliph and Companion of the Prophet (peace be upon him) once said that if it were not for three pleasures, he would not find any joy in life.
One of these three pleasures was “sitting in the company of men who like to pick good topics for conversation just as people like to pick good dates from a tree.”
“Beware of excessive meat, for it has an addiction similar to that of wine”- (Muwatta Imam Malik, Hadith: 2702)
“Get used to a tough life, for luxury does not last forever.”
“I have never regretted my silence. As for my speech I’ve regretted it many times.”
“Allah loves moderation and hates extravagance and excess.”
Umar ibnul Khattab (ra) said: ”Invite people to Islam even without words” They asked ”How?” He replied ”With your manners.”
“I fear the day where disbelievers are proud of their falsehood and Muslims are shy of their faith.”
“The biggest gift after Iman (Faith) is your wives.”
وجدنا خير عيشنا بالصبر “We found the best of our lives through patience.”
Sayyiduna ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab (radiyallahu ‘anhu) wrote to his his governors saying, “In my view, the most important of your affairs is Salah. Whoever protects it and performs it [habitually and timeously], is protecting his Din. Whoever is negligent about it will be even more negligent about other matters…” (Muwatta Imam Malik, Hadith: 6)
‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him)was an excellent judge of character, and he said: “Do not be deceived by a man’s eloquence rather whoever fulfills trusts and refrains from impugning people’s honor is a real man.”
And he used to say: “Don’t look at a man’s prayer or fasting, rather look at his reason and honesty.”
And he said: “There are two types of men I do not fear for you: A believer whose faith is obvious and a kafir whose kufr is obvious. Rather I fear for you the hypocrite who hides behind a show of faith but strives for some other purpose.
“When you see that any scholar loves the world, then his scholarship is in doubt.”
Umar RA series
Mawlana Tariq Jamil Saheb
The famous Tabi’i; Sayyiduna Sa’id ibn Musayyab (rahimahullah) reports that Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) laid eighteen sterling advices for the people, each one filled with wisdom:
1. When someone disobeys Allah in matters that impacts on you, you can retaliate in no better way than obeying Allah in matters that impact on him.
2. Always assume the best about your brother unless you learn something about him that you cannot reconcile.
3. Never assume the worst about any statement that a Muslim makes as long as you are able to make a good interpretation.
4. One who exposes himself to suspicion must never blame anyone who holds a bad opinion of him.
5. Whoever guards his secrets will retain the choice [and control of it] in his hands.
6. Ensure that you keep true friends to stay under their wings because they are a source of beauty during times of prosperity and a means of protection during times of hardship.
7. Ensure that you speak the truth even if it leads to your death.
8. Never delve into matters that do not concern you.
9. Do not ask about matters that have not occurred because that which has already taken place is enough to keep you occupied from that which has not.
10. Never seek your needs from one who does not love to see your success.
11. Never keep the company of a sinner, as you will learn his sinful ways.
12. Keep away from your enemy.
13 & 14. Beware even of your friends, except for the trustworthy one and none can be trustworthy unless he fears Allah.
15. To be humble in speech.
16. Lower yourself in obedience of Allah.
17. Stand firm against His disobedience.
18. Consult in your matters those who fear Allah, indeed Allah says:
انما يخشى الله من عباده العلمؤا
It is those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. (Surah Fatir, Verse: 28)
(Rawdatul ‘Uqala of Imam Ibn Hibban (rahimahullah), pg.82-83 with a chain of reliable narrators)
Having just experienced an earthquake last night in the East Midlands and with similar tremors occurring in other parts of the world recently, we would like to share with you an editorial of the respected Shaykh-ul-Hadīth, Shaykh Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh which appeared in the monthly journal ‘Riyādul Jannah’ after the earthquake that occurred in February 2008 in the UK.
Why Earthquakes Occur
by Shaykh Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh
At 12:56am on 27th February the UK was shaken by an earthquake of a significant enough magnitude to make the headlines. Buildings shuddered, furniture shook, and people were woken from their sleep. By morning, everyone was talking about it.
The largest earthquake to strike the UK in over 25 years was regarded by most people as no more than an exciting incident. Their curiosity was satisfied by scientific explanations, and there their interest ended. They did not see the shaking of the earth beneath their feet as an opportunity to learn valuable lessons.
The question we need to ask is: ‘Why do earthquakes occur?’
We can learn a lot about the world around us by using the ‘aql (intellect) that Allāh ta‘ālā has given us. ‘Aql, however, has its inherent limitations, and as believers we should not remain content with the often incomplete picture of events that it can present. Where ‘aql reaches its limits, wahy (Revelation) takes over. As Muslims, we should turn to the teachings of our beloved Nabī Muhammad sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam to understand the significance of the recent earthquake.
Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam has declared the cause of earthquakes to be disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā exceeding limits. Whatever the scientific explanation may be – and there is no need to reject or ignore scientific explanations – Allāh ta‘ālā made the earth shake. Allāh ta‘ālā uses physical agencies to bring about physical events in the universe, e.g. a child is born as a result of the union of its parents, yet Allāh ta‘ālā is the Originator; He gives children via the agency of the parents. Allāh ta‘ālā may cause an earthquake to occur through the means of huge stresses building up at fault lines in the earth’s crust or, if he wishes, without it. But, in either case, it is Allāh ta‘ālā Who causes earthquakes.
Allāh ta‘ālā first causes small earthquakes, like the 5.2 quake felt in the UK, which do not result in any major harm. They do, however, affect the hearts of people, causing a moment of fear, awe and a sense of one’s mortality. These minor earthquakes can be described as wake-up calls from Allāh ta‘ālā, inviting His servants to take stock of their lives and turn to Him in repentance. In this way, they are a mercy from Him. It is reported that on the occasion of an earthquake occurring in the time of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam he turned to the Sahābah radhiyallāhu ‘anhum and said: ‘Your Rabb wants you to turn to Him in repentance, so repent.’
Allāh ta‘ālā states in the Glorious Qur’ān:
Calamities have appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned, that Allāh may make them taste a part of what they have done, in order that they may turn back. (30:41)
When people do not heed these warnings and continue to disobey Allāh ta‘ālā, He may repeat the wake-up calls of magnitude 4 or 5 before suddenly unleashing a magnitude 8 quake, resulting in Qiyāmah-like scenes. Whole localities are razed to the ground, as if they had never existed. And these things are not hypothetical, they are happening now, in our lifetime.
Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam foretold that as Qiyāmah nears, earthquakes will become more frequent, a prediction we are seeing come true with our very eyes. The reason for the increase in earthquakes foretold by Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam is an increase in disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā.
When, as a result of excessive disobedience, a large earthquake occurs anywhere, the Qur’ānic principle is that everyone, good and bad, is afflicted.
And beware of a scourge that will not afflict the wrongdoers among you only… (8:25)
Everyone suffers: people die or suffer bereavement, injury, fear, financial loss, anxiety and depression etc. The victims of a catastrophic earthquake can be divided into four groups:
1. Good people who die. They are classified as shuhadā (martyrs) and will enter Jannah. Their suffering will be a means of elevating their status in Jannah.
2. Bad people who die. Due to their disobedient and unrepentant ways they will be destined for Jahannam. Their suffering will be a punishment.
3. Good people who survive. The calamity is a test for them. By remaining patient and content with taqdīr and the Will of Allāh ta‘ālā they will be rewarded with closeness to Him.
4. Bad people who survive. The calamity is a warning and admonition for them to repent and change their ways.
What we need to do
1. Accept that the earthquake was a result of disobedience to Allāh ta‘ālā. Each individual should think: ‘Out of all the disobedient people, I am top of the list. It was because of me that the earthquake struck.’
2. Thereafter, make tawbah and istighfār with sincerity.
3. When the earth quakes, so does the heart. Treat it as an opportunity to rectify your life. Make use of the fear that developed in your heart. Think: ‘I commit many sins; what if the earth had split and swallowed me up? Allāh ta‘ālā has saved me. O Allāh, forgive me.’
4. Give sadaqah. Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:
‘Truly, sadaqah extinguishes the anger of the Rabb and prevents an evil death.’ (At-Tirmidhī)
5. Having experienced the disturbing effects of a small earthquake, try to imagine Qiyāmah. What will the mighty earthquakes of Qiyāmah and the Resurrection be like?
It is very serious that the land we live on shook; it means that so much disobedience is taking place on it that Allāh ta‘ālā is displeased. We must turn to Allāh ta‘ālā and do tawbah, istighfār and rectify our lives. We should also have concern in this regard for those around us. May Allāh ta‘ālā make this earthquake a mercy for us and may it prompt us to change our lives for the better. Āmīn.
© Riyādul Jannah